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Socials Chapter 3

Canada and the Twenties

1919 Winnipeg General Strike gives voice to post-war dissatisfaction.
1920 -League of nations is established, with Canada as a full member. -BC become first province to end pohbition
1921 -Minority government elected and Agnes Macphail becomes 1st woman elected to parliament. -Frederick Banting Charles best discover insulin.
1926 -King Byng crisis focuses on Canada's push for autonomy form Britain -Imperial Conference lead to publication of the Balfour Report
1927 Federal government allows for old age pensions, introducing government-run social assistance for the first time in Canada
1928 Allies tribes of BC goes to Ottawa to argue for land treaty negotiations.
1929 -Person case opens the way for Canadian women to be appointed to the senate. -Stock Market Crashes
Socialist A political and economic system by means that production and distribution are publicly owned and controlled for the benefit of all members of society.
Communism Social and Economic Theory that proberty, production, and distribution of goods should be owned by the public and that labour force should be organized for the benefit for all.
Trade Unions A group of worker who unite to achieve common goals.
Winnipeg General Strike
J.S Woodsworth Founded the Cooperative Commonwealth Federation (CCF), 1932, later becomes NDP 1961 CCF wanted economic and social equality
Regionaism A concern for the affairs of one's own region over their country.
Tariffs Taxes imposed on all good coming into a country.
Progressive Party Canadian political party formed during the 20's by Thomas Crerar- wanted free trade with the US and supported Canadian farmers
Mackenzie King (1921-1930, 1935-1948)Liberal PM of Canada during the depression + WWI. He gound Hitler a' reasonable man'
Minority Government Which the ruling party has less that 1/2 the seats in the legislature.
Old Age Pension Act Act passed in1927 by M. King. The max pension was $20 per month for people over the age of 70.
King-Byng Crisis -1926, constitutional affiar between M.King & Viscount Byng (governor general). Conservatives complained about liquor scandals in King's lineral gov and got him voted out. Kind asked forced election Byng refused but was eventually overridden by King
Balfour Report/Imperial Conference -1926, dominions of British Empire (CA included) asked for autonomy. A committee led by Lord Blafour, Brit politician, examined request and approved. This resulted in the statue of Westminster to be passed 1931
Statue of Westminster -1931, turned British Empire into British Commonwealth, former dominions were now in equal status -(2 restrictions) Canada's constitution stayed in Britain & judicial court appeal for Canadians remained in Britain
British Commonwealth as association of nations that had formerly been colonies of British Empire
BNA Act -(British North American Act) 1867, created self-governing dominion of Canada, allowing Canada to make its own laws, decide personally when to go to war.
Branch Plants -factories, offices and other operations set up in Canada but owned or controlled by the USA or other countries. -Happened mostly during the 20's with the US -'Big Three', Chrysler, GM and Ford
Primary Industry -industry dealing with extraction of collection of raw materials EG. mining
Secondary Industry dealing with manufacturing or constructing
Prohibition -banning of the sale and manufacturing of alcohol in Canada or USA during WWI (resulted in Women's Christian Temoerance Union) -1920, prohibition was abolished but no in USA until 1933
Plebiscite -direct cote by electors on an issue of public importance, like conscription or prohibition. The outcome of the cote may not be binding on the government
Urbaisation -process by which area changed for rural to urban.
Agnes McPahil -1921, first woman to be elected to the House of Commons
Emily Murphy -suffragist who became appointed as a magistrate in Alberta, she became a member of the 'famous five' who participated in the 1929 Persons Case after her appointment was challenged
Created by: mcartner