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Age of Exploration

TermDefinition
Voyages trips
Merchants sellers
Trade buying and selling goods
Ports places along the coast where ships can dock
Routes ways to get places
Christopher Columbus He discovered the ‘New World’ by crossing the Atlantic. He thought he reached Asia
Prince Henry Portuguese explorer who ran a school of navigation and sponsored expeditions to West Africa
Hernan Cortes He conquered Mexico (Aztec)
Francisco Pizarro He conquered Peru (Inca)
Ferdinand Magellan His fleet circumnavigated the globe in 1522.
Circumnavigate The ability to sail a ship completely around the globe
Conquistadors Spanish explorers and soldiers who conquered territory outside of Spain
Cartographer mapmaker
Astrolabe used to determine the latitude of a ship
Caravel a small, narrow ship with two or three masts and triangular sails. It moves faster, easier to steer into the wind
magnetic compass An instrument used for determining directions, as by means of a freely rotating needle that indicates north
The Columbian Exchange The exchange of people, other living things and ideas between the Eastern and Western hemispheres
New World to Old World Products potatoes, tomatoes, peanuts, tobacco, vanilla and chocolate (cocoa), and turkeys
Old World to New World Products coffee, wheat, rice, cows, horses, pigs, sheep, goats, chickens,smallpox, measles, influenza, European colonists and African slaves (12 million slaves)
Sponsored paid for the voyage
Bartholomeu Dias he sailed around the tip of Africa and reached the Indian Ocean
Vasco da Gama He found a sea route to India.
Claimed declared
Expedition a trip or journey with a purpose
Accurate exact
Cultural exchange the blending of different ideas, traditions and religions
Acquire to get
scurvy a disease caused by a lack of vitamin C, characterized by swollen bleeding gums
Middle Passage Africans were shipped to the New World as part of the Atlantic slave trade.
Slave Trade The procuring, transporting, and selling of human beings as slaves in Africa
cash crops crops grown for profit, like sugar, tobacco and cotton
colonization The process of establishing settlements in other parts of the world and controlling its people and resources
resources anything provided by nature that is useful to humans
Created by: crogalny
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