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Containing Communism

Why the United States was involved in the Vietnam and Korea Wars

TermDefinition
Communism A political theory derived from Karl Marx, advocating class war and leading to a society in which all property is publicly owned and each person works and is paid according to their abilities and needs.
Ho Chi Minh Vietnamese communist statesman, president of North Vietnam fought for Vietnam Independence from France, and to reunite North and South Vietnam.
38th Parallel Line on the map that marks the border between North Korea and South Korea, established in 1945 after World War II.
Demilitarized Zone An area in which treaties or agreements between nations, military powers or contending groups forbid military installations, activities or personnel. (DZ)
Containment of Communism United States policy using numerous strategies to prevent the spread of communism abroad.
Marshall Plan Officially the European Recovery Program, ERP was an American initiative to aid Western Europe, in which the United States gave over $12 billion
Truman Doctrine The principle that the US should give support to countries or peoples threatened by Soviet forces or communist insurrection.
Cold War A condition of political hostility between countries characterized by threats, propaganda, and other measures short of open warfare.
Arms Race A competition between nations for superiority in the development and accumulation of weapons, especially between the US and the former Soviet Union during the Cold War.
Proxy War A war fought by a major power (Super Power), but they do not fight the war directly. They fight through the smaller countries with each other. Like a substitute.
World War II A war fought from 1939 to 1945 between the Axis powers — Germany, Italy, and Japan — and the Allies, including France and Britain, and later the Soviet Union and the United States.
Occupy(Military) The form of government when a winning country uses government authority to control the losing country for a time, usually until the loser is not longer a threat to the winner.
Sovereign Possessing supreme or ultimate power. To have self rule in a country.
Vietnam War A Cold War conflict with the U.S. and the the French government in South Vietnam against the native, communist Vietnamese independence movement, the Viet Minh.
Korean War A war, also called the Korean conflict, fought in the 1950s between the United Nations, the United States, and South Korea against the communist Democratic People's Republic of Korea (North Korea).
Battlefield The piece of ground on which a battle was fought.
Napalm A highly flammable sticky jelly used in incendiary bombs and flamethrowers, consisting of gasoline thickened with special soaps.
Agent Orange A defoliant chemical used by the US in the Vietnam War to kill plants in the jungle quickly so soldiers could see the enemy. Evidence shows it caused cancer later in Vietnam Veterans.
Soviet Union (USSR) A former federation of Communist republics occupying the northern half of Asia and part of eastern Europe; capital, Moscow. Full name Union of Soviet Socialist Republics
Superpowers A very powerful and influential nation (used especially with reference to the US and the former Soviet Union when these were perceived as the two most powerful nations in the world).
United Nations An international organization formed in 1945 to increase political and economic cooperation among member countries.
Unify To come together as one, uniform, or whole.
Conflict A serious disagreement or argument, typically for a long time with no agreement, and possibly leading to war.
Defend To resist an attack made on (someone or something); protect from harm or danger.
Attack Take aggressive action against (a place or enemy forces) with weapons or armed force, typically in a battle or war.
Rebellion An act of violent or open resistance to an established government or ruler.
Southeast Asia Treaty Organization An international organization for collective defense in Southeast Asia created by the Southeast Asia Collective Defense Treaty, or Manila Pact, signed in September 1954 in Manila, Philippines.
Ngo Dinh Diem A staunchly anticommunist Vietnamese statesman who refused to ally with Ho Chi Minh after the Franco-Vietnamese War. Diem led South Vietnam from 1954 to 1963, when he was assassinated alongside his brother in a military coup.
Democracy A system of government by the whole population or all the eligible members of a state, typically through elected representatives.
Ideology A system of ideas and ideals, especially one that forms the basis of economic or political theory and policy.
Created by: bday1216
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