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7th SS - Chapter 3

Chapter 3: Colonies Take Root

First English colony that was established in North America, but the people all died and it's a mystery what happened Roanoke Island
First permanent English colony in North America that survived Jamestown
document issued by a government that grants specific rights to a person or company charter
2 reasons why Jamestown colonists barely made it their first year diseases and they did not know how to farm
man sent from London to straighten up the Jamestown colony John Smith
the form of government in which voters elect people to make laws for them representative government
Virginia's first lawmaking body House of Burgessess
English people that were often persecuted or treated badly because of their religion Separatists
a person who takes a religious journey pilgrim
Pilgrims who sailed for Virginia aboard a ship called the Mayflower called their colony what Plymouth
document that the pilgrims aboard the Mayflower signed that called for a government that would make and follow "just and equal laws" Mayflower Compact
Native American who brought the pilgrims seeds of native plants and showed them how to plant them Squanto
day which the pilgrims set aside in 1621 to give thanks for their good fortune for surviving the winter and thanking the Native Amerians the first Thanksgiving
states that make up the northern part of New England New Hampshire, Vermont, and Maine
states that make up the southern part of New England Massachusetts, Connecticut, and Rhode Island
group that had disagreements with the Church of England, but wanted to reform it rather than split from it Puritans
man who led the Puritans to establish a colony in North America John Winthrop
recognition that other people have the right to different opinions toleration
man who believed that colonists should pay Native Americans for their land and who ultimately left to found a new colony called Rhode Island Roger Williams
man who disagreed with Puritans leaders, left Massachusetts, and founded the town of Hartford, Connecticut Thomas Hooker
man who was forced to leave Massachusetts because he agreed with Anne Hutchinson and founded what is now New Hampshire John Wheelright
an assembly of townspeople that decides local issues town meeting
Native American, chief of the Wampanoag, whose goal it was to stop Puritan expansion Metacom
states that make up the Middle Colonies New York, Pennsylvania, New Jersey, and Delaware
a colony created by a grant of land from a monarch to an individual or family proprietary colony
a colony controlled directly by the English king royal colony
New York began as a colony controlled by what group Dutch
Pennsylvania and Delaware were founded by who Quakers
group of people who set apart from the Puritans, believed that all people had a direct link with God, and that all people were equal in God's eyes Quakers
wealthy Quaker man who wanted to find a place for Quakers to live where they could be safe from persecution who considered his colony to be a "holy experiment" William Penn
a frontier region extending through several colonies, from Pennsylvania to Georgia backcountry
dividing line between the northern and southern states after the American Revolution Mason-Dixon line
flat lowland that includes many swampy areas Tidewater
leader of the frontier settlers who organized a group of 1,000 westerners and began attacking and killing Native Americans in the southern colonies Nathaniel Bacon
name of the colony that was set up where Catholics could live safely Maryland
people who owe money debtors
a large farm plantation
first Spanish fort in northern Florida St. Augustine
lands along a frontier borderlands
Spanish explorer who led an expedition into New Mexico to find gold, convert Native Americans, and establish a permanent colony Juan de Onate
religious settlements that aim to spread religion into a new area missions
saint and missionary who established several missions in the South including San Diego, San Francisco, and Los Angeles St. Junipero Serra
Spanish military posts presidios
Spanish civilian towns pueblos
Created by: MissMisiak
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