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8th Grade History

Chapters 4-1, 4-2, 4-3, 4-4

TermDefinition
subsistence farming producing just enough to meet immediate needs
cash crops a crop raised for sale in markets
diversity variety, such as of ethnic or national groups
triangular trade pattern of trade developed in colonial times among the Americas, Africa, and Europe
slave code rules focusing on the behavior and punishment of enslaved people; laws in Southern states that controlled enslaved people
principal a fundamental, or basic, law or idea
rely to depend on
representative government a system in which citizens elect a smaller group to make laws and conduct government on their behalf
mercantilism an economic theory that a nation's power depends on its ability to increase wealth by increasing exports and receiving precious metals
export to sel goods to other countries; a good made in one country and then sold to another
import to bring in goods from foreign countries
suspend to temporarily set aside or stop operation of something
impose to force on others
immigration the permanent movement of people into a country from other countries
epidemic an illness that affects large numbers of people
apprentice a person who learns a trade from a skilled craftsperson
civic virtue the democratic ideas, practices, and values that are at the heart of citizenship in a free society
emphasis placing of stress or special importance on something
adapt to change in response to a new set of conditions
milita a military force made of ordinary citizens who are trained to fight in emergencies
Iroquois Confederacy a group of Native American nations in eastern North America joined together under one general government
alliance a partnership; system in which countries agree to defend each other or to advance common causes
convert to change from one belief, form, or use to another
neutral taking no side
Created by: SSC