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Civil War

QuestionAnswer
Political cause of the Civil war States Rights
Moral cause of the Civil War Slavery
fired upon by Confederate forces to begin the Civil War (April, 1861). Ft. Sumter
first battle of the Civil War to take place on Northern soil, bloodiest one-day battle in American history, led President Abraham Lincoln to issue the Emancipation Proclamation Antietam
turning point of the Civil War, Lee’s invasion of northern territory was repelled; South was no longer capable of an offensive into Union territory Gettysburg
North captured this stronghold to gain control of the Mississippi River and divided the Southern states. (May-July, 1863) Vicksburg
changed the nature of the war from that of preserving the Union to freeing enslaved people, freed only the enslaved people in the rebelling territories. (announced September,1862; signed January, 1863) Emancipation Proclamation
brings the Civil War to a close as Lee surrendered the Confederate forces of Virginia to Grant. (April, 1865). Appamattox Courthouse
President of the Confederate States of America Jefferson Davis
general-in-chief of the Union Army during the Civil War, plan concentrated on Sherman’s march through Georgia and his own assault on the Confederate army in Virginia, accepted Lee’s surrender Ulysses S. Grant
Lincoln offered the command of Union forces to but refused, appointed to command the Army of Northern Virginia, surrendered to Ulysses S. Grant at Appomattox Courthouse in 1865. Robert E. Lee
President of the United States Abraham Lincoln
Congressional Medal of Honor recipient, served with the 54th Massachusetts Regiment (Union), first African American soldier to receive the award William Carney
born in Chile, South America, was a Navy seaman in the Union Navy, won the Medal of Honor for his distinguished service in the Civil War Phillip Bazaar
The alliance of states that seceded from the Union Confederate States of America
Equality – promised he had no intent to abolish slavery The Union – argued for the preservation of the Union The Government – stated it was against the law to secede from the Union Lincoln’s first inaugural address
Equality – stated that slavery perpetuated the war and denounced slavery The Union – fought for restoration of peace and the Union The Government – Lincoln stated that there were people trying to destroy the government, with or without war Lincoln’s second inaugural address
Equality – all enslaved people in the Confederate states would be free The Union – stated that the country was worth fighting for The Government – “The government of the people, by the people, and for the people shall be preserved.” Gettysburg Address
secession was similar to the colonists’ revolution against the British, a new alliance, State its government has remained; so that the rights of person and property have not been disturbed.” breaking from the Union was “a necessity, not a choice” Jefferson Davis’s inaugural address
tendency to be more concerned with the interests of your particular group or region than with the problems and interests of the larger group, or country. South stanchly defending the need for slave labor for its agrarian based economy to function Sectionalism
leading African American abolitionist; accomplished orator and writer Frederick Douglass
Confederate General in the Civil War, led troops in the 1st and 2nd Battles of Bull Run(Manassas), Battle of Antietam (Sharpsburg), and the Battle of Fredericksburg Stonewall Jackson
Republican- Abraham Lincoln-winner N. Democrat- Stephen Douglas S. Democrat- John Breckinridge Constitutional Union- John Bell Election of 1860
South Carolina, North Carolina, Virginia, Tennessee, Florida, Georgia, Alabama, Mississippi, Louisiana, Texas, Arkansas Confederate States of America members
Created by: artm239