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Constitution Review

Which amendments expand voting rights? 19th: women's suffrage 26th: set voting age to 18 15th: can vote no matter race, ethnicity, or of previous servitude
What are the six big ideas? limited government judicial review checks and balances federalism seperation of powers popular sovereignty
How long are terms for a senator, representative, and justice? 6 years, 2 years, life
What is the purpose of the preamble? Preamble explains the reasons why the Framers made the Constitution; opening statement.
What are the purposes of the first article? set up the legislative branch
what are the purposes of the second article? establish an executive branch
What are the purposes of the third article? establish judicial branch
What are the purposes of fourth and fifth articles? outlines relationships with states; explains the amendments
What are the purposes of the sixth and seventh article? ensure federal powers; how the constitution will be ratified
example of a check and balance president can veto bills made by legislators
what is federalism? division of power among a central and regional governments
what is seperation of powers? powers are seperated into 3 independent branches
what is popular sovereignty? all power resides in the people (consent of the governed)
what is limited government? no government is all powerful; government can only do things that people let it do
what is judicial review? power of court to decide constitutionality of a governmental action
what are checks and balances? branches have certain powers where they can check on the others
purpose of the bill of rights establish natural rights of the people
what does the first amendment guarantee?
freedom of speech, press, petition, assembly, religion
when was the constitution ratified? 1787
what does the second amendment guarantee? right to bear arms
what does the fourth amendment guarantee? no unreasonable searches and seizures
what does the eighth amendment guarantee? no cruel and unusual punishments
what does the tenth amendment guarantee? power reserved to the states
what does the fifth amendment guarantee? due process; "i plead the fifth"
Created by: A.Le



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