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Forming Government

Beginning of the United States

Magna Carta a document signed by King John of England in 1215, made the king subject to law
English Bill of Rights passed in 1689, declared the supremacy of Parliament, monarchy could not change law without Parliament consent
Constitution a set of basic principles and laws that states the powers and duties of the government
Suffrage the right to vote
Articles of Confederation Congress would become the single branch of national government, but would have limited powers
Ratification official approval
Land Ordinance of 1785 set up a system for surveying and dividing western lands into lots, one lot was reserved for public school, one for veterans, one sold to the public
Northwest Ordinance of 1787 established the Northwest Territory, which included areas that are now Illinois, Indiana, Michigan, Ohio, Minnesota, and Wisconsin and created a system for bringing new states into the Union
Tariffs taxes on imports or exports
Interstate Commerce trade between two or more states
Inflation occurs when prices for goods and services rise and therefore reduce the value of money
Depression a period of low economic activity combined with a rise in unemployment
Shay's Rebellion farmers in Massachusetts, shut down courts to protest high taxes and heavy debt. Showed the weakness of the Articles of Confederation
Annapolis Convention a national conference in 1786 to talk about economic issues. Called for all 13 states to send delegates to Philadelphia to revise the Articles of Confederation
Created by: TeeganP