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Socials Chapter 2

Canada and World War 1

1914 -Franz Ferdinand, crowned prince of Austro-Hungarian Empire is assassinated by a Serbian nationalist -Germany invades Belgium and France -Britain declares war on Germany, Canada joins
1915 Canadian troops exposed to poisonous gas, Ypres
1916 -Women in Manitoba, Saskatchewan, Alberta gain right to vote in provincial elections -Newfoundland regiment almost destroyed -Battle of Sommes begins
1917 x 6 -Canadian troops capture Vimmy Ridge -Women in British Columbia, Ontario gain the right to vote in provincial elections -Wartime Elections Act gives women Federal vote related to servicemen -Canadian troops succeed in Passchendale in Belgium
1918 -Conscription becomes mandatory -Armistice declared on the Western Front in Europe
Nationalism Strong attachment to one's country or nation
Imperialism Building of empire by taking over new territories
Militarism A nation's policy of enlisting, training, equipping and maintaining armed forces ready for war
Balance of Power Before WWI, strong nations of Europe attempted to remain of equal militarily strength and in their alliances
Triple Alliance Germany, the Austro=Hungarian Empire and Italy (prior to WWI)
Triple Entente France, Russia, and Great Britain ( 1915 Italy joins)
Central Powers Germany and Austria-Hungary
Allies Russia, France and Great Britain
Western Front The areas in France where the war was fought
Robert Borden (1911-1920) PM of Canada-helped Canada claim its own seat at the league of Nations. Also, created War Measures Act.
CEF (Canadian Expeditionary Force) Canada's new armed was built of forced volunteers.
Sam Hughes In charge of Canada's armament industries, he produced faulty shells and boots then, sold them to the army
War Measures Act The government had the authority to do anything necessary "for the security, defence, peace, order and welfare of Canada"
Habeas Corpus The right for a person under arrest to be brought before a judge to determine the lawfulness of the charges.
Internment Camps Government-run camps where people who are considered a threat are detained.
Schlieffen Plan Two-Front War. France to the west, 'western front', Russia to the east, 'easter front'- this was Germany's War plan.
Trench Warfare Trenches were cold in the winter and usually flooded, these became 'sinking cesspools'.
No Man's Land Area between two front lines of opposing armies. Covered in barbed wire and the dead.
"Going over the top" The term used when men would jump out of their trenches and ran towards the enemies front line. These men were usually shot down by machine guns
Billy Bishop One of Canada's aces.
Ace A pilot that shot down 5 more enemy aircrafts.
U-Boats Germany's submarines.
Merchant Marine Civilian ships-in time of war, transported food, weapons and munitions over seas.
Victory Bonds + Taxes Canadians paid takes and bought bonds which they could cash in after the war. This was to help for th war; pay back debts.
Propaganda Information produced by governments to inspire and spread particular belief or opinions.
Created by: mcartner