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U.S. Constitution te

U.S. Constitution

What are the 5 things the united states should do to form a more perfect union? Establish justice, Insure domestic tranquility, Provide for the common defence, Promote the general welfare, Secure the blessings of liberty to ourselves and our posteritu
How often are representatives elected and how long is their term of office? Chosen every second year by the people, 2 year term
What are the 3 requirements listed for house members? Be at least 25 years old, have been a citizen for the past seven years, be an inhabitant of the state you represent
What is the determining basis for how many house members a state receives? Population: the number of free persons plus 3/5 of all slaves
How long is the term for a senator? 6 year term
How were Senate's originally chosen? Which amendment change that? Chosen by legislature; 17th amendment changes this (they are now chosen by "popularity" or by the people
What are the e requirements listed for members of the senate? 30 years old, 9 years a citizen, must be inhabitant of the state they are representing
Who is the president of the senate and when may that person vote? Vice president; only in case of a tiebreaker
In what federal body do all bills clncerning taxes/revenue originate? The house of representatives
What fraction of both houses must vote to override a veto? 2/3rds
Article 1 section 8 clause 18 grants congress what powers? To make all laws which shall be necessary and proper for carrying into execution
How old does someone have to be to be elected president? 35 years old
How are the number of electors each states gets determined? Members of the house of representatives+members of senate
What are the requirements for president? Must be born a natural citizen, 35 years old, 14 years a resident
Name 3 powers of the president? Receive ambassadors, serve as commander in chief of the armed forces, commission officers of the armed forces
Wwhich body of congress approves presidential nominations, in other words "advices and consents"? Senate
What must the president do "from time to time"?-- what is this called today? Information of the state of the union. This is now called the state of the union address
What is the term of office for supreme court justices? Life
When can they be removed? Impeachable offences
Who gets to decide how many federal courts we have? Congress
What are privileges and immunities? Each state's citizens receive equal treatment in all states
What fraction of the houses of congress is necessary to approve a proposed amendment? It takes a 3/4 vote to approve a proposed amendment
What fraction of states must approve a proposed amendment for it to be ratified? It takes a 3/4 vote by state ratifying committees
What does the constitution say about which law shall dominate if there in any conflict? The constitution is the "supreme law of the land" meaning that no law can conflict
What qualification for holding any public office is forbidden? No religion test
How many states had to ratify the constitution for it to become a law? 9 states had to ratify
Name the basic liberties in the 1st amendment Speech, religion, press, assembly, petition
Name the amendments that banned slavery, declared all persons born or naturalized in the U.S. to be citizens, established due process and equal protection under the law, and established suffrage for black Americans 13th
Which amendment said that a person could not be tried twice for the same crime? 5th
List and describe the all the amendments that expand voting rights? 15th, 17th, 19th, 23rd, 24th, 16th
15th explanation Prohibits the federal and state governments from denying a citizen the right to vote based on that citizen's "race, color, or previous condition of servitude
17th Ratified in 1913, providing for the election of two U.S. senators from each state by popular vote and for a term of six years
19th It gave women the right to vote in 1920
23rd Extends the right to vote in the presidential election to citizens residing in the District of Columbia by granting the District electors in the Electoral College, as if it were a state
24th Abolished the poll tax for all federal elections. A poll tax was a tax of anywhere from one to a few dollars that had to be paid annually by each voter in order to be able to cast a vote
26th The right of citizens of the United States, who are eighteen years of age or older, to vote shall not be denied or abridged by the United States or by any State on account of age
Define separation of powers An act of vesting the legislative, executive, and judicial powers of government in separate bodies.
Define popular sovereignty the principle that the authority of a state and its government is created and sustained by the consent of its people, through their elected representatives (Rule by the People), who are the source of all political power.
Define limited government political system where the legalized force is restricted through delegated and enumerated powers.
Define checks and balances counterbalancing influences by which an organization or system is regulated, typically those ensuring that political power is not concentrated in the hands of individuals or groups.
Define federalism The division of power among a central government and several regional governments.
Define republicanism political theory that believes in representative government in which citizens can vote for people to represent their opinions and views.
Created by: bhelmick1
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