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Constitution Review

TermDefinition
What are the six big ideas Federalism, Checks and Balances, Popular Sovreignty, Judicial Review, Seperation of Powers, and Limited Government
Federalism A system of government where smaller entities like states share power with the national government
Checks and Balances Limits imposed on all branches of government by vesting in each branch the right to amend or void acts by another
Popular Sovreignty The authority of a State and its government is created and sustained by the consent of the people
Judicial Review Review by the US Supreme Court of the Constitutional validity of a legislative act
What are the first 10 amendments called? The bill of rights
1st amendment Freedom of speech, religion, press, and right to assemble
2nd amendment The right to bear arms
3rd amendment Soldiers can not, in times of peace, force themselves into peoples homes
4th amendment No unreasonable searches and seizures. Need a warrant
5th amendment Due process under the law. The state and the country have to protect your legal rights.
6th amendment Guarantees a citizen a speedy trial, a fair jury, an attorney if the accused person wants one, and the chance to confront the witnesses who is accusing the defendant of a crime
7th amendment Guarantees a jury
8th amendment No cruel or unusual punishment or excessive bail or fines
9th amendment The people rights are not just limited to those stated in the Constitution
10th amendment The powers not specifically given to the national government are the states powers
11th amendment No state can be sued in federal court by someone who is not a resident of that state
12th amendment Separated balloting for president and vice-president
13th amendment Forbids slavery in the US and other areas controlled by the US
14th amendment Defines citizenship
15th amendment Voting cannot be denied based on race, color, or previous condition of servitude
16th amendment Taxes on incomes
17th amendment Senate is composed of two senators from each state that are elected by the people
18th amendment Prohibition of alcohol
19th amendment Gives women the right to vote, no voting discrimination based on gender
20th amendment Sets the date when the government elects people into office. Also includes the order of succession
21st amendment Repealed the 18th amendment
22nd amendment Sets term limits for the president
23rd amendment Gives D.C. resident presidential electors equal to those of the smallest states
24th amendment Abolished poll tax
25th amendment Goes over filling vacancies for the president and vice-president
26th amendment 18 year old right to vote
27th amendment prohibits any law that increases or decreases the salary of members of Congress from taking effect until the start of the next set of terms of office for Representatives.
Purpose of Article 1 Gives Congress its powers and limits. Also creates the bicameral legislature.
Purpose of Article 2 Makes the Executive Branch of the government
Purpose of Article 3 Establishes the Judicial Branch of the government
Purpose of Article 4 Obligations of states
Purpose of Article 5 Shows how to change the Constitution
Purpose of Article 7 At least 9 states have to ratify the Constitution for it to be applied to all states
What is the purpose of the Preamble To say the purpose of the Constitution
Created by: cclough