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Religion and Thought

Question and Answer Kimberly Villa

1. What are the three main belief systems under the shaped life in China under the Tang and the Song? Daoism, Confucuianism, and Buddhism.
2. What is Daoism? An ancient Chinese philosophy..
3. By what period did Daoism have priests, temples, and monasteries? By the Tang period.
4. What is Buddhism based on? The religion Buddhism is based on the teachings of the Indian spiritual leader Siddhartha Gautama.
5. When did Buddhism enter China? During the Han Dynasty.
6. What is Pure Land Buddhism? Pure Land Buddhism emphasized salvation through faith.
7. Who began with the teachings of an Indian Buddhist? Chan.
8. By what time did Buddhism have millions of followers in China? By the time of the Tang Dynasty.
9. What did many Chinese criticize Buddhism as? The criticized it as an alien religion with no roots in Chinese culture.
10. What did other critics oppose the Buddhists as? The opposed that they were withdraw from the world.
11. What did Wuzong order to do in 845? He ordered the destruction of 4,600 Buddhist monks.
12. Did Buddhism ever fully recover from the attack? No, Buddhism never fully recovered from the attack.
13. What was Confucianism? The main belief system in China before the arrival of Buddhism.
14. By what time did Confucius live? He lived from 551 to 479 B.C.
15. What was Confuianism based on? On respect for family and the social order.
16. What did Confucianism be stressed about? He would be stressed about the importance of moral virtue.
17. What did Confucian begin as? He began as a practical philosophy.
18. The Neo-Confucianists continue to study? They continued to study the classic writings of Confucius.
19. What was the name of the most famous Neo-Confucian thinker? Zhu Xi.
20. What did the ideas of Neo-Confucianists do to China? The ideas were a great influence on China from the Song period onward.
Created by: kimberlv3
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