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History vocab 2

Ottoman Architecture All of their architecture and paintings has patterns and repetition in them and they consist of flowers, shuch as tulips. They also have no people in their paintings.
sultan a ruler in certain Muslim countries
Mehmet II He is called the Conqueror. He was the sultan of the Ottoman Empire. He extended the Ottoman control of southeastern Europe to the Danube and of Anatolia to the Euphrates. Was sultan from 1444-46, 1451-81.
Istanbul Before the Ottomans took over it was called Constantinople and before that it was called Byzantium. It is the largest city in Turky. It is located on the Bosphorus Strait which encompasses a natural harbor called the Golden Horn.
Suleiman the Magnificent He was the tenth and longest reigning sultan of the Ottoman Empire from 1520-1566 when he died. In the East he is called Suleiman the Magnificent and in the West he is called the Lawgiver.
Janissaries Comprised infantry that formed the Ottoman sultan's household troops and bodyguards. It was made up of young Christain boys converted to Muslim. This system was created by the Sultan Murad I and was abolished by Sultan Mahmud II.
millet system when the minorities were allowed to rule themselves with fairly little interference from the Ottoman government
Roxelana she was the legal wife of Suleiman the Madnificent
primate city it is the largest and most important city, it has to be at least twice as populous as the second largest city, most primate cities are also capital cities, and like magnets, attracting people, trade, cultures, and ideas
Byzantium was an ancient Greek city, which was founded by Greek colonists from Megara in 667 BC and named after their king Byzas or Byzantas
monotheistic The doctrine or belief that there is only one God.
Pasha Sinan was an Albanian born Ottoman military commander and statesman.
ghazis a Muslim soldier
devshirme It was the practice by which the Ottoman Empire conscripted boys from Christian families, who were converted to Islam and trained as Janissary soldiers.
Created by: TimMadden