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Communism in China

Historical Developments in the 20th Century in China

TermDefinition
China Civil War civil war fought from 1927 to 1950. Because of a difference in thinking between the Communist Chinese Communist Party (CCP) and the Nationalist Kuomintang (KMT), there was a fight for legitimacy as the government of China
Mao Zedong Chinese communist revolutionary and founding father of the People's Republic of China, which he governed as the Chairman of the Communist Party of China
Chiang Kai Shek Chinese political and military leader who served as the leader of the Republic of China between 1928 and 1975. An influential member of the Kuomintang (KMT)
Deng Xiaoping Chinese revolutionary and statesman. He was the paramount leader of the People's Republic of China from 1978 until his retirement in 1989. After Chairman Mao Zedong's death, he led his country through far-reaching market-economy reforms.
Cultural Revolution A difficult period in Chinese history, the Cultural Revolution was a massive upheaval launched by Chinese leader Mao Zedong to renew the spirit of revolution in China.
Propaganda information, especially of a biased or misleading nature, used to promote or publicize a particular political cause or point of view.
Little Red Book Selected statements from speeches and writings by Mao Zedong published from 1964 to about 1976 and widely distributed during the Cultural Revolution.
Great Leap Forward It was as an economic and social campaign by the CPC. It aimed to rapidly transform the country from an agricultural economy into a modern society through rapid industrialization and collectivization. It led to widespread famine.
Tienanmen Square Protest Student-led demonstrations in Beijing in 1989. More broadly, it refers to the popular national movement inspired by the Beijing protests during that period. The protests were forcibly suppressed after the government declared martial law.
Tank Man Nickname of an unidentified man who stood in front of a column of tanks on June 5, 1989, the morning after the Chinese military had suppressed the Tiananmen Square protests of 1989 by force.
Communism A political theory derived from Karl Marx, advocating class war and leading to a society in which all property is publicly owned and each person works and is paid according to their abilities and needs.
Marxism The political and economic theories of Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels, later developed by their followers to form the basis for the theory and practice of communism.
Steel Kiln It hardens ceramic bodies, heat treat steel, melt glass into crucibles, fuse layers of stained glass, melt enameling powder onto copper jewelry, or fire porcelain.
Nationalist Party Taiwan Kuo-min Tang party that governed all or part of mainland China from 1928 to 1949 and subsequently ruled Taiwan under Chiang Kai-shek and his successors for most of the time since then.
The Long March It was a military retreat undertaken by the Red Army of the Communist Party of China, the forerunner of the People's Liberation Army, to evade the pursuit of the Kuomintang.
Forbidden City China The Chinese imperial palace from the Ming dynasty to the end of the Qing dynasty—the years 1420 to 1912. It is located in the center of Beijing, China,
Censorship The suppression or prohibition of any parts of books, films, news, etc. that are considered obscene, politically unacceptable, or a threat to security.
Created by: bday1216
 

 



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