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History Feb 24


Which document guaranteed rights to the English? The Magna Carta.
What was unique about the Magna Carta? It was the first document that took power away from the king.
According to the Magna Carta, whose permission did the king of England need to levy taxes? The nobles.
What two houses was the English Parliament made up of? The house of Lords and the House of Commons.
Who made up the House of Lords? The lords, nobles, and rich landowners.
Who made up the House of Commons? English citizens who were white male landowners.
Who voted for the people in the house of Commons? The nobles.
What group of people did the system of English government favor? The nobles.
What caused the English Civil War? Power struggles between the monarchy and parliament.
Who won the English Civil War? Parliament.
What happened when Parliament won the English Civil War? Parliament ruled the country briefly before the monarchy was restored.
What did the English Bill of Rights do? It guaranteed the English certain freedoms that the government promised to protect.
Who did the English Bill of Rights refer to? Everyone, not just the wealthy.
What message did the English Bill of Rights push? That the government was there to help everyone.
What was true in the colonies by 1760? Every colony had its own legislature.
What does a legislature do? It allows the colonies to make their own laws.
In the colonies, who had voting rights? White male landowners.
In the colonies, who didn't have rights? Women, African Americans, and those who did not own land.
In the colonies, who did not have rights as colonists? Women, African Americans, and those who did not own land.
In the colonies, who did have rights as colonists? White male landowners.
Define the term "Freedom of the Press". It means that journalists have the right to publish the truth without restrictions.
Why was the Zenger case important? It established that the truth was the truth, even when it was offensive or unpopular, and therefore should be allowed to be published. It opened the way for freedom of the presto eventually be granted.
What were the navigation acts? Laws that made sure that the colonies benefited England primarily by prohibiting colonists from selling goods to foreign markets and making them only sell goods made and owned by English citizens.
Why did the colonists resent the navigation acts? They felt they could make more money if they could sell to foreign markets.
What did colonists do to get around the navigation acts? They smuggled goods.
What were the different social classes in Colonial America? The gentry, the middle class, the indentured servants, and the free African Americans.
Who were the gentry? The rich planters, merchants, ministers, officials, and lawyers.
Explain the concept of the Middle Class. Those who were neither rich nor poor. They were small planters, independent farmers, and artisans.
What were indentured servants? They were people who worked as servants from 4 to 10 years for anyone who would pay for their passage to the Americas.
What king signed the Magna Carta? King John.
Who signed the English bill of rights? William and Mary.
When was the English Bill of Rights signed? 1689
In the Jamestown colony of Virginia, what/who made laws? The House of Burgesses.
Why was John Peter Zenger put on trial? He printed and published articles criticizing the governor.
What was John Peter Zenger charged with? Libel.
What is the meaning of libel today? Published lies about someone else.
What was the meaning of libel in colonial times? Anything negative about the government.
How did the navigation acts benefit the colonists? It gave them a sure market for their goods in England.
What do women have now that they didn't have in colonial times? Choices.
What rights are guaranteed by the 2st amendment? Freedom of religion, freedom of speech, freedom of the press, freedom of assembly, freedom of petition.
Created by: Bananasplit13