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Unit 5

History WWII

TermDefinition
appeasement policy of granting concessions in order to keep the peace
anschluss union of Germany and Austria in 1933
blitzkrieg 'lightning war' that emphasized the use of speed and firepower to penetrate deep into the enemy's territory
atlantic charter a joint declaration made in August 1941 by Great Britain and the United States during WWII that endorsed self-determination and an international system of general security
totalitarianism a theory of government where a single party or leader controls the economic, social, and cultural lives of its people
tripartite pact agreement that created an alliance between Germany, Italy, and Japan during WWII
WAC women's army corps US army group established during WWII so that women could serve in noncombat roles
yalta Conference 1945 strategy meeting between Roosevelt, Churchill, and Stalin
tuskegee airmen african american squadron that escorted bombers in the air war over Europe during WWII
rationing government-controlled limits on the amount of certain goods that civilians could buy during wartime
442nd regimental combat team WWII unit made up of Japanese American volunteers
genocide willful annihilation of a racial, political or cultural group
war refugee board US government agency founded in 1944 to save Eastern European Jews
united nations organization founded in 1945 to promote peace
island hopping WWII strategy that involved seizing selected Japanese-held islands in the Pacific while bypassing others
'Europe first' strategy Hitler was seen as a bigger threat so most resources were sent to Europe Japan was secondary
Joseph Stalin leader of the soviet union, communist, axis power until Germany invaded, became an ally
Winston Churchill prime minister of great britain, ally, didn't want to open a second front,
Adolf Hitler leader of germany, part of Nazi party, started WWII with the invasion of Poland, tried to take over the world
Douglas MacArthur US general, fought in the pacific oversaw the writing of Japan's new constitution
Hideki Tojo leader of japan, tried to control the pacific, planned the attack on pearl harbor
Philip Randolph african american leader that fought for victory against discrimination, organized protest marches
Erwin Rommel german general, led his troops against americans at Kasserine Pass, plotted to overthrow Hitler, killed himself to avoid a trial
Created by: opal.eddy