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Grades 5 and 6

Geography Terms

adapt adjust to a new environment or situation
altitude height above sea level
border line on a map, one country or state stops and another begins
boundary the dividing line between two places
cape point of land extending into water
cardinal points north, south, east, west
climate kind of weather a place has over a period of years
coast land along an ocean, east and west sides
compass used in travel to find direction
compass rose drawing on a map that shows direction
culture way of life, traditions, customs, language and education
desert dry, barren area of land, few plants
drought long period of dry weather, little or no rain
earth the land surface of the world
elevation height of land above sea level
equator imaginary line drawn at 0 degrees latitude that separates the Northern half from the Southern half
geography the study of the earth's surface
glacier A large mass of ice formed by the melting and refreezing of deep snow.
globe model of the earth, a sphere
graphic irganizer picture or diagram of an idea
Gulf of Mexico large area of the Atlantic Ocean, forms the coastlines of Florida, Alabama, Mississippi, Louisiana, and Texas
harbor safe area near the shoreline used for sheltering ships
hemisphere half of the earth
intermediate directions NE, NW, SE, SW between the cardinal points
island landmass, smaller than a continent surrounded by water
lake large body of water surrounded by land
land forms shapes on the earth's surface, including mountains, hills, plateaus, and plains
latitude distance on the earth's surface north and south of the equator, measured in degrees
longitude distance on the Earth's surface, measured in degrees, east and west of the prime meridian
map drawing or chart of earth's surface including countries, oceans, rivers, and cities
map key list that explains symbols on a map
map scale distance on earth represented by a distance on a map
migration movement of whole groups of people or animals from one place to another
mountain high, rocky land, steep sides, and a pointed or rounded top
mountain range row of connected mountains
mouth place where a river empties into another body of water
natural resource anything that grows or exists in nature, necessary or useful to humans
Pacific Ocean largest of earth's oceans, about 64 million square miles
peninsula body of land surrounded on three sides by water
physical features natural objects on the surface of Earth
population number of people living in an area
port harbor where ships can load and unload cargo (goods for trade)
precipitation moisture that falls to the earth; rain, snow, sleet, hail
prime meridian imaginary line at 0 degrees longitude through England and other countries
river large, natural stream of water that empties into another large body of water
sea large body of salt water in an ocean, partly or completely landlocked
sea level level at which the ocean meets the land
source place where a river begins
symbol something that stands for something
temperature degree of hotness or coldness in a place
tropical near the equator, warm throughout the year
valley low land that lies between hills and moutains
Venn diagram a graphic organizer, two overlapping circles
weather influenced by wind, temperature, pressure
Created by: mdlk5



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