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Landmark Cases

SS.7.C.3.12

QuestionAnswer
This landmark case established the principle of judicial review. Marbury v. Madison (1803)
Ruled that separate did not mean unequal; allowed states to decide segregation laws Plessy v. Ferguson (1896)
Reversed Plessy v. Ferguson Brown v. Board of Education (1954)
All person accused of a crime are entitled to legal defense counsel, regardless of their ability to pay Gideon v. Wainwright (1963)
All persons accused of a crime must be advised of their constitutional rights at the time of their arrest. Miranda v. Arizona (1966)
Students do not lose their First Amendment rights to freedom of speech when they stepped onto school property. Tinker v. Des Moines (1969)
Educators are not violating the First Amendment by exercising editorial control over the content of student speech so long as their actions were "reasonably related to legitimate educational concerns." Hazelwood v. Kuhlmeier ( 1987)
The ban on registering handguns and the requirement to keep guns in the home disassembled or nonfunctional with a trigger lock mechanism violate the Second Amendment. District of Columbia v. Heller (2008)
"The fundamental demands of due process of law, in order to ensure fair administration of justice is more important than executive privilege. United States v. Nixon (1974)
The Florida Supreme Court's scheme for recounting ballots was unconstitutional, as it violated the 14th Amendment. Bush v. Gore (2000)
Applied due process rights to juveniles In Re Gault (1967)
Ruled that segregation solely based on race violated the Equal Protection Clause of the Fourteenth Amendment Brown v. Board of Education
Impact: Established procedures in which all police must read suspects their Miranda warnings Miranda v. Arizona
Even the President is not above the law. U.S. v. Nixon
The Supreme Court ruled the accused 6th Amendment right to an attorney was violated. Gideon v. Wainwright.
Highest Court in the land Supreme Court
Which Article in the Constitution established the Supreme Court? Article III, Judicial Branch
What is original jurisdiction? The authority to hear cases for the first time
What is appellate jurisdiction? The authority of a court to hear a case appealed from the lower court
Although there are a few important exceptions, what type of jurisdiction does the Supreme Court have? appellate jurisdiction
Created by: Sundai Brown
 

 



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