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IAT 102

Font Anatomy

TermDefinition
Baseline -Invisible line on which characters sit. -May differ from typeface to typeface -> consistent within a typeface -Rounded letters such as "e" may extend slightly below the baseline.
MeanLine Dotted line at the top of many lowercase letters such as "e," "g" and "y." It is also at the curve of "h." (x-height)
X-Height -distance between the meanline and the baseline. -referred to as the x-height b/c it is the height of a lowercase "x." -height can vary greatly between typefaces.
Cap Height -distance from the baseline to the top of uppercase letters like "H" and "J." (At MAX)
Ascender -part of a character that extends above the meanline -Note: that this is the same as extending above the x-height.
Descender -part of a character that extends below the baseline -such as the bottom stroke of a "y."(below min)
Serifs -distinguishable by the extra stroke at the ends of the character
Stem -vertical line of a "B" and the primary diagonal line of a "V" are known as the stem. -often the main "body" of a letter.
Bar -horizontal lines of an "E" are known as bars. -horizontal or diagonal lines of a letter, also known as arms, and are open on at least one side.
Bowl - curve line that creates an interior space, such as in "e" and "b."
Counter -inside space of a bowl.
Leg -bottom stroke of a letter, such as the base of an "L" or diagonal stroke of a "K."
Shoulder -curve at the beginning of a leg of a character, such as in an "m."
Eye -the enclosed space in a lowercase ‘e’ and ‘a’.
Overshoot -part of char that extends higher or lower to look more natural to letters (like X or H)
Finial -thin endpoint of a stroke above the baseline ("e,c")
Tail - the thick endpoint of a stroke that is below the baseline
link/neck -the thin junction connecting the eye in "g" to the loop/lobe
loop -enclosed or partially enclosed counter below the baseline “g”
Axis -An imaginary line drawn from top to bottom through a vertical or diagonal stress of a glyph bisecting the upper and lower strokes is the axis. Ex. “O”
Terminal -the thick endpoint of a stroke above the baseline
Apex -point at the top of a character where two strokes meet (ex. "A")
lobe -curve attached to main structure of char "P"
Vertex -The outside point at the bottom of a character where 2 strokes meet (V)
Created by: syncbeat72v2