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7th SS - Chapter 2

Chapter 2: Europe Looks Outward

QuestionAnswer
vikings seagoing people who originally lived in part of Norther Europe called Scandanavia
country that funded Christopher Columbus' voyages Spain
3 ships that Columbus took in 1492 Nina, Pinta, and Santa Maria
What did Columbus call the people that he first saw? Indians
Where did Columbus think that he landed? Indies/India
What present-day country did Columbus discover on his first voyage? Cuba
King and Queen who funded Columbus' voyages to the New World King Ferdinand and Queen Isabella
Country that Christopher Columbus was from Portugal
What present-day country did Columbus discover on his second voyage? Puerto Rico
What present-day area did Columbus discover on his third voyage? Northern coast of South America
America takes it's name from this Italian explorer Amerigo Vespucci
Spanish colonist and explorer who explored the Caribbean coast of present-day Panama Vasco Nunez de Balboa
Portuguese explorer who set out to find an Atlantic-Pacific coast; first European to cross the Pacific Ocean Ferdinand Magellan
strait narrow passage that connects two large bodies of water
circumnavigate travel around
Colombian Exchange a transfer of people, products, and ideas between the hemispheres
conquistadors Spanish solider adventurers
Spanish conquistador who sailed from Cuba to Mexico and conquered the Aztecs Hernando Cortes
Aztec leader Moctezuma
What did Moctezuma give Cortes in hopes that he would leave, but it had the opposite effect? gold
Spanish explorer who was the Spaniard to set foot in what is now the United States and named Florida Juan Ponce de Leon
Spanish explorer who explored much of what is now New Mexico, Arizona, Texas, and Kansas Francisco Coronado
plantations large farms worked by laborers who live on the property
encomiendas these were land grants that included the right to demand labor or taxes from Native Americans
missions religious settlements
peninsulares Spanish colonists who had been born in Spain
Creoles people born in America of two Spanish parents
Mestizos people of Spanish and Indian blood
Mulattos people of Spanish and African heritage
King who wanted to divorce his wife because she was not bearing him a son and ultimately started his own church in England King Henry VIII (8th)
name of the church that King Henry VIII (8th) started Church of England/Anglican Church
merchantilism held that colonies existed to make the home country wealthy and powerful
northwest passage a sea route from the Atlantic to Pacific that passed through or around North America
Italian explorer who discovered the St. Lawrence River Giovanni de Verrazano
English explorer who made 4 voyages and who Hudson Bay is named after Henry Hudson
Created by: MissMisiak