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Chapter 12 Test-LA

1. A person who had not accepted the changes brought about by the Civil War, particularly the abolition of slavery. Bourbon Democrat
2. The power of public officials to give jobs or provide other help to people as a reward for their support. patronage
3. A system under which the state would lease prisoners to private businesses, which saved the state money and was profitable for the businesses but was hard on prisoners. convict lease system
4. Laws enacted by southern legislators that restricted the freedom of African Americans and required separate-but equal public facilities for whites and for blacks. Jim Crow laws
5. A tax that had to be paid before a person could vote. poll tax
6. A law that gave a person the right to vote if he could demonstrate that his father or grandfather had been a voter before 1867. grandfather clause
7. A labor system in which a planter would rent a portion of his land to a farmer who agreed to raise a cash crop and give a share to the farmer, in exchange for the land and access to a house. sharecropping
8. The situation when a sharecropper or small farmer could not escape a cycle of credit, debt, and increasing poverty. debt peonage
9. The time in late autumn for the harvesting of sugarcane. grinding season
10. Groups similar to unions that attempted to use the power of group organizing to advocate for better conditions for farmers. Farmers’ Alliance
11. Belief in the rights, wisdom, or virtues of the common people. populism
12. A movement based on the belief that government could and should be used to help address social problems like poverty, illiteracy, and improving the conditions for all workers. Progressive movement
13. The right to vote. suffrage
14. A kind of currency that could only be used in company stores. scrip
15. Which political party was favored by southern whites and gained control of Louisiana politics after the Reconstruction? Democrats
16. What were the central beliefs of the post-Reconstruction Democratic Party? white supremacy, social segregation, and small government
17. What was the purpose of this advertisement? (Take Notice) to encourage people to buy lottery tickets
18. Which explains why the attendance of Generals Beauregard and Early was advertised to potential consumers? (Take Notice) Their military history gave the event more credibility and fanfare.
Which conclusion can be drawn about the use of children in this advertisement? The Louisiana State Lottery Company wanted to remind consumers that their purchase would benefit others.
20. How much did the Louisiana State Lottery Company agree to pay the state each year? $40,000
21. How was the Louisiana Lottery able to become so powerful? It contributed large amounts of money to elected officials.
22. Which group controlled New Orleans’ city government in the late 1800s? Crescent City Democratic Organization
23. Which explains how the New Orleans Ring and the Lottery Company maintained control of New Orleans? They bought votes with small cash payments or patronage jobs.
24. Which conclusion can be drawn as to why Edward Burke resigned from his position as director of the Cotton Centennial Exposition? He had misused government funds intended for the fair.
25. Which best describes the subject of the photograph? convict lease system
26. Which explains the dangers of the convict lease system? Convicts were physically abused, neglected, and frequently died.
27. How did the Supreme Court’s Plessy v. Ferguson ruling impact southern legislatures? They passed additional segregation statues.
28. Which caption best describes the photograph? (water fountain) Laws required separate-but-equal public facilities for whites and African Americans.
29. This photograph captures the effect of which legislation? (water fountain) Jim Crow laws
30. Which viewpoint is expressed in this cartoon?  (bus) Jim Crow laws provide separation but not equality.
31. Who would have drawn or published this cartoon? (bus) Committee of Citizens
32. Other than African Americans, which group suffered prejudicial treatment during the late 1800s? Italians
33. What measures were added to the Constitution of 1898 to further limit the voting rights of African Americans and poor whites? literacy tests, poll taxes, and property requirements
34. How did the adoption of a grandfather clause affect voters in Louisiana? It successfully disfranchised the majority of African American voters.
35. Which event completes the chart? Gunmen and union workers clash in Thibodeaux leaving 30 dead and over 100 wounded.
36. How did Seaman A. Knapp boost Louisiana’s economy? He shared his methods for successful rice farming.
37. Based on their political platform, which political party made this statement? (Powers of gov't...) Populist
38. Which explains why sugar planters supported the People’s Party? The Democrats stopped supporting protective tariffs.
39. Which Amendment gave women the right to vote in 1920? Nineteenth
40. Why did some women oppose the suffrage amendment? They fear African American women would insist on the right to vote.
41. What progressive governor created the first juvenile justice system in Louisiana? Blanchard
42. Which types of trees in Louisiana were used primarily for lumber? Cypress & pine
43. Why did lumber workers rely on credit to purchase goods? Remote camp locations allowed stores to charge higher prices.
44. Which was the first large corporation to build a plant, pipelines and refine oil in Louisiana? Standard Oil
45. Which was an unexpected opportunity benefit from oil exploration? discovery of natural gas
46. Which catalog arrived by mail to rural areas in Louisiana allowing people to purchase just about anything? Sear, Roebuck & Company
47. In 1915, what was the first thing the state began to do to regulate automobiles? Driver’s licenses
48. What made purchasing Ford’s cars easier for middle class Americans? Credit plans
49. Louisiana is credited with the birth of which genre of music? Jazz
50. Which famous Louisiana musician became a world ambassador for jazz music? Louis Armstrong
51. Based on Source, which statement best explains how Louisiana was affected by reformers like the Gordon sisters in the early 1900s? Women in Louisiana were organized to fight for voting rights.
52. Which of the following best fills the blank on the chart above? Natural gas
53. Using Source, which statements best explain how Progressivism affected Louisiana during the twentieth century? Select the two correct answers. The state made efforts to improve public utilities. The state took on a larger role in educating citizens.
54. Using Source, which statement best explains why it was important to change child labor laws in Louisiana? Children were working long hours in unsafe conditions.
55. Which statement describes the most likely purpose of holding the convention in Louisiana? to influence government officials to support voting rights for women
56. Using the Sources, which statement best explains why people became sharecroppers? They were poor and without land and had few other options.
57. Which statement best explains why the system of sharecropping continued in Louisiana for decades? Landowners maintained control of political decisions related to sharecropping.
58. Using the Sources, which statement best explains why it was difficult to leave the system of sharecropping? Sharecroppers continued to remain in debt to the landowners.
59. Based on all of the sources, which statements best explain how sharecropping affected African American sharecroppers in Louisiana? Select the two correct answers. Sharecropping prevented African Americans from having control over profits. Sharecropping forced African Americans to purchase needed goods on credit.
60. Using the Sources, which statement explains why many African Americans, known as Exodusters, most likely migrated from Louisiana to Kansas during the late 1800s? They were seeking better opportunities and land ownership.
Created by: Colleen Frazier
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