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Roaring Twenties

History Quiz

Immigration America took in million of immigrants in the year preceding 1920's Different races Different religions Different political beliefs
The 1920's saw a backlash against immigration Nativism KKK Immigration quotas
Palmer raids The arrest and deportations of anyone suspected of "radical(extreme, out of thinking)" thinking Government was worried communists would take over the U.S.
Sacco and Vanzetti On trial for robbery and murder Seemed like they were arrested for being immigrants and anarchists
Urban vs Rural Resentment (Treated unfairly) of urban mindset Rural/ small towns wanted to fight against urban values
Racial intolerance in the north and south Great migration 1910-1919 between 300,000-500,000 African Americans as competition for jobs
Ku Klux Klan Lynching in the South Mob violence, usually by hanging
Religion and Evolution Religion=belief that God created humans Evolution=humans evolved over millions of years from simpler life forms
Scopes Trial Brought national attention to this disagreement John Scopes tested law-intentionally taught evolution Scopes found guilty and fined, ruling later overturned Clash between religion and science continued
Rejection of "traditional" culture Value fun and freedom Jazz represented this in musical form Favored by younger generation (mostly in cities) Viewed negatively by older generation (mostly in rural/ small towns) Jazz="devil's music"
Women Flappers-symbol of Jazz age Short hair (bobbed) Short skirts Heavy Make up Rebellious
New Woman 19th amendment=more freedom More working women Less dependent on men Not paid equally Not given management jobs
Car culture More affordable-more people driving
Vehicle for freedom and fun Escape parents Drive to city/ jazz clubs/ other fun activities
Radio and Movies Both lead to mass culture Public opinions, tastes, and values from nationwide
Radio News, shows, and sporting events broad casted all across the country Between 1923-1930, 60% of Americans bought a radio
Movies 1927-first "talking" movie released leading to increase popularity for movies and actors
Leisure activities, fads, and celebrities become popular New electronic devices=more time for fun
Enjoyed activities Jazz clubs, dance marathons Sports like baseball and boxing Radio Movies Flagpole sitting
Celebrities Babe Ruth-baseball Jack Dempsey-boxing Charles Lindbergh- 1st non-stop flight across the Atlantic
Lost Generation of Writers Affected by World War I Moved to other countries like France
Felt America no longer as great as it once was F. Scott Fitzgerald- The Great Gatsby Ernest Hemingway- The Sun Also Rises
Harlem Renaissance Harlem= a mostly African American neighborhood in New York City Renaissance= "reawakening, rebirth" especially of art and literature
Caused in part by the Great Migration Northern cities gave African Americans more freedom to express their culture Musical genres evolved in harlem clubs Writers and poets flourished and had an audience
Art Jacob Lawrence- painter
Literature Langston Hughes- writer, poet
Music Louis Armstrong Duke Ellington Bessie Smith
Created by: Holiday8