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American Gov

QuestionAnswer
Examples include England and Thailand. monarchy
The purpose of this is that no one branch of government will become more powerful than one of the others. separation of powers
The first governing document of the colonies. Mayflower Compact
A form of government in which a god or deity is recognized as the state's supreme civil ruler,or in a higher sense, a form of government in which a state is governed by immediate divine guidance or by officials who are regarded as divinely guided theocracy
A form of government in which all political power is absolutely or nominally lodged with an individual. As a political entity, the leader is the head of state, generally until their death or abdication. monarchy
He believed in separation of power and checks and balances. Montesquieu
It explain the ways in which people form states to maintain social order. social contract theory
The responsibilities of a citizen Civic Responsibility
The first United States Constitution after the end of the Revolutionary war. Articles of Confederation
Examples include the United States, Mexico, and Canada. democracy
The people exercise the definitive decision-making power. popular sovereignty
A political system where the state, usually under the control of a single political organization, faction, or class, recognizes no limits to its authority and strives to regulate every aspect of public and private life wherever feasible. totalitarism
The principle that the government must respect all of the legal rights that are owed to a person according to the law. It holds the government subservient to the law of the land, protecting individual persons from the state. due process
The first document forced onto an English King by a group of his subjects in an attempt to limit his powers by law and protect their privileges. Magna Carta
Clinton v. New York City in 1998. The Supreme Court struck down the Line Item Veto because it violated the Presentment Clause of the Constitution. This is an example of: judicial review
A system of government carried out either directly by the people (called direct democracy) or by means of elected representatives of the people (called representative democracy). democracy
Each branch of government has its own unique powers. This is called: separation of powers
Believed people needed to be ruled by an absolute ruler and that men were bad by nature. Hobbes
Vatican City. theocracy
The judicial branch interprets the laws. The executive branch chooses all the justices in the court. The Senate can confirm or veto the justice choice of the executive branch. checks and balances
He believed people should use reason and emotion (heart and mind). He was influenced by John Locke. He promoted democracy. Rousseau
The document that proclaimed the independence of the colonies from England. Declaration of Independence
Throwing away trash in pubic places. Voting. Following the laws. All are examples of: Civic Responsibility
The legislative branch can pass a law. The Executive branch can agree with it or veto it. This is an example of: checks and balances
Power is divided between the federal and state government. federalism
A list of the most important rights of the citizens of a country. The purpose of these bills is to protect those rights against infringement by the government. Bill of Rights
The executive branch can veto a bill. The legislative branch can override the veto. checks and balances
Established judicial review. Marbury v. Madison
Reaffirmed the necessary and proper (elastic) clause of the Constitution. McCulloch v. Maryland
Political doctrine that allowed the settlers of U.S. federal territories to decide whether to enter the Union as free or slave states. This is an example of: popular sovereignty
The era in Western philosophy and intellectual, scientific and cultural life, centered upon the eighteenth century, in which reason was advocated as the primary source and legitimacy for authority. Enlightenment
Courts can rule on the constitutionality of laws. judicial review
A form of government in which power effectively rests with a small elite segment of society distinguished by royalty, wealth, family ties, military might, or religious hegemony. oligarchy
He came up with 3 natural rights- life, liberty, and property. Thought people were molded by their experiences (good or bad). Said people agreed to give up some of their natural rights to government for protection of their rights in return. Locke
Rights which are not contingent upon the laws, customs, or beliefs of a particular society or polity. Sometimes referred to as inalienable rights. natural rights
Created by: scott.korbin