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|Noble warriors of Japan who were absolutely loyal and very good with swords, spears, and bows
|Military ruler of all of Japan, second only to the emperor in power
|Code of the Samurai: bravery and honor above all things, even one's own life
|A smaller territory of land with its own ruler, these would be loyal to shogun
|A religious man who devotes his life to studying sacred writings and living a pure life.
|A craftsman skilled in wood, metal, stone, or other material. One who makes beautiful and useful things.
|A different culture of people living in northern Japan. They are light skinned and have long beards,
|A silk robe worn by Japanese people
|A type of theater in Japan where actors wear masks
|Japanese money, Koku was the old unit of payment
|Who was the first ruler of Japan?
|Amaterasu, goddess of the sun
|How was the island of Japan created according to legend?
|A god and a goddess walked across a rainbow and in the middle of it, the god dipped his jeweled spear in the water. He swirled it in the water and lifted it up. Drops of water fell from the tip of the spear and they turn into land when they hit the ocean
|Who created the island of Japan according to legend?
|Who was thought to be the great-great grandson of Amaterasu?
|founder of Japan's imperial family and a descendant of the gods
|Three treasures Jimmu brings with him as proof of being a descendant of the gods
|a mirror that belonged to the sun goddess, a special sword, and a jewel that had been taken from the steps of heaven
|What do the 3 treasures represent?
|mirror: the emperor's relationship to the gods , sword : emperor's strength, jewel -:great wisdom the emperor posses
|When did Jimmu gain control of Japan?
|Who were the Ainu?
|People who lived in northern Japan and were tall, white skinned, and hairy barbarians
|When did Emperor Hirohito die?
|In 1192, Yorimoto was named______________.
|the first shogun
|Of the three famous treasures, which was lost at the bottom of the sea in 1185?
|Yoshitune and Yorimoto were part of which family?
|The Minamoto Family
|Yoshitune and Yorimoto led their family to victory over what family?
|The Taira Family
|True or False: The shogun Yoritomo was very fond of his brother and they ruled Japan together.
|What does the word Samurai translate to?
|"One who serves"
|What was the Samurai's favorite weapon to fight with?
|True or False: According to old myths, all emperors of Japan were related to the gods.
|Who was the first emperor of Japan?
|Which religion began in India and took root in Japan around AD 552?
|This religion was already in Japan when Buddhism arrived
|Which language did the Japanese like to write in?
|The prince who enlightened Japan in the 6th and 7th centuries
|What did the Japanese emperors concern themselves with?
|Gentler matters of practicing their Buddhist religion, writing poetry, and appreciating items of peace and beauty
|What were Samurai families often rewarded with?
|rights to control and tax the peasant farmers and landowners tremendous wealth and power
|What weapons did family members train with daily?
|knives, bows, spears, and the sword
|a landlocked unitary sovereign state in East Asia
|viewed developmentally or historically, as a social group existing before the development of states
|large desert region in Asia
|the founder and Great Kahn of the Mongol Empire, which became the largest contiguous empire in history after his death
|founded the Yuan Dynasty in China
|capital of the Mongol Empire between 123 and 1260 and of the Northern Yuan in the 14 – 15th centuries
|Who were the Mongols?
|Nomadic horse people that travel over grasslands that raised horses and tended sheep
|What did the Mongols camp in?
|Yurts: felt tents
|What did Mongol Warriors eat and drink while riding to battle?
|They ate yogurt and cheese that were fermented in sheep bladders and they drank their horses' blood
|Chiefs were elected based on their ___________________.
|nobility, military ability, wisdom, and leadership skills
|What was Ghengis Khan's birth name?
|When was Ghengis Kahn born?
|How did Ghengis Kahn's dad die?
|He was poisoned
|What was Ghengis Kahn's biggest accomplishment and what did he swear to do?
|By age forty he unified all Mongol tribes and he swore to conquer all the lands between the seas
|Who was Kublai Kahn?
|Grandson of Genghis Khan and he conquered the Song dynasty
|How many times did the Mongols try to invade Japan?
|2 times, once in 1274 and once in 1281
|How were the Mongols stopped from defeating the Japanese?
|How old were the men that served in the cavalry?
|All males 15-70 served in army all as cavalry