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Constitution/Gov

Terms to review for our Constitution and Government test.

TermDefinition
The Articles of Confederation The Continental Congress agreed on the Articles of Confederation as their new government. The Articles of Confederation created a weak national government and strong state governments.
The Constitution At the Constitutional Convention, the delegates threw out the Articles of Confederation and wrote the brand new frame of government called the Constitution.
The Virginia Plan Each state would have a certain number of representatives bas upon their population.
The New Jersey Plan Each state would have the exact same number of representatives, no matter their size.
The Great Compromise Created a two-house Congress. The House of Representatives would have representatives from each state based on their population. The Senate would have an equal number of representatives per state.
The Three-Fifths Compromise Three out of every five slaves would be counted for representation.
The Bill of Rights The first 10 amendments to the Constitution written by James Madison.
The Preamble The first part of the Constitution that explains the purpose of the document.
ratify (verb) to officially approve a document. 9 out of the 13 states voted to ratify the Constitution.
3 Branches of Government Executive, Legislative, and Judicial
Executive Branch President, Vice President, Cabinet- enforces the laws
veto (verb) refuse to approve; The president has the right to veto a law.
Legislative Branch Congress (House of Representatives/Senate)- makes the laws
Judicial Branch Supreme Court- interprets the laws
Balance of Powers The Constitution makes sure that no one branch of government has too much power. This is a system of checks and balances.
Created by: jbsellers