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Unit 3 Vocab

TermDefinition
War of 1812 A war between Britain and the United States, fought between 1812 and 1815. The War of 1812 has also been called the second American war for independence
Erie Canal An artificial waterway built across New York state in the early nineteenth century, linking Lake Erie and the Hudson River. The canal opened trade between New York and the midwestern states and aided in the growth of New York City as a port.
Infrastructure the fundamental facilities and systems serving a country, city, or area, as transportation and communication systems, power plants, and schools.
Monroe Doctrine a principle of US policy, originated by President James Monroe in 1823, that any intervention by external powers in the politics of the Americas is a potentially hostile act against the US.
Industrial Revolution (sometimes initial capital letters) the totality of the changes in economic and social organization that began about 1760 in England and later in other countries, characterized chiefly by the replacement of hand tools with power-driven machines, as the po
Eli Whitney 1765–1825, U.S. manufacturer and inventor.
Manifest Destiny the belief or doctrine, held chiefly in the middle and latter part of the 19th century, that it was the destiny of the U.S. to expand its territory over the whole of North America and to extend and enhance its political, social, and economic influences.
Temperance habitual moderation in the indulgence of a natural appetite or passion, especially in the use of alcoholic liquors.
Elizabeth Cady Stanton A reformer and feminist who joined with Lucretia Mott in issuing the call for the first women's rights convention in America, which was held at Seneca Falls, New York, in 1848. Stanton later worked in close partnership with Susan B. Anthony for women's s
Seneca Falls Conference a women's rights convention held at Seneca Falls, New York, in 1848, organized by Elizabeth Cady Stanton and Lucretia Mott.
Jacksonian Democracy A movement for more democracy in American government in the 1830s. Led by President Andrew Jackson, this movement championed greater rights for the common man and was opposed to any signs of aristocracy in the nation. Jacksonian democracy was aided by the
Suffrage the right to vote, especially in a political election.
Nationalism the policy or doctrine of asserting the interests of one's own nation viewed as separate from the interests of other nations or the common interests of all nations.
Nat Turner 1800–31, American black slave leader: led uprising of slaves in Southampton County, Virginia, 1831.
Abolitionism the principle or policy of abolition, especially of slavery of blacks in the U.S.
William Lloyd Garrison 1805–79, U.S. leader in the abolition movement.
Frederick Douglass 1817–95, U.S. ex-slave, abolitionist, and orator.
Grimke Sister Sarah Moore Grimké (1792–1873) and Angelina Emily Grimké (1805–1879), known as the Grimké sisters, were the first American female advocates of abolition and women's rights. They were writers, orators, and educators.
Missouri Compromise an act of Congress (1820) by which Missouri was admitted as a slave state, Maine as a free state, and slavery was prohibited in the Louisiana Purchase north of latitude 36°30′N, except for Missouri.
Nullification Crisis The Nullification Crisis was a United States sectional political crisis in 1832–1837, during the presidency of Andrew Jackson, which involved a confrontation between South Carolina and the federal government.
States Rights the rights belonging to the various states, especially with reference to the strict interpretation of the Constitution, by which all rights not delegated by the Constitution to the federal government belong to the states.
John C. Calhoun 1782–1850, vice president of the U.S. 1825–32.
Sectionalism excessive regard for sectional or local interests; regional or local spirit, prejudice, etc.
Mexican War the war between the U.S. and Mexico, 1846–48.
Wilmot Proviso The Wilmot Proviso was designed to eliminate slavery within the land acquired as a result of the Mexican War (1846-48). Soon after the war began, President James K. Polk sought the appropriation of $2 million as part of a bill to negotiate the terms of a
Created by: Jenniiee