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Chapter 11 Test LA

1. The name given to the period between the end of the Civil War and 1877, the year the federal government withdrew its last troops from the South; describes attempts to reconstruct the nation in the aftermath of secession and civil war. Reconstruction
2. The name given to former slaves. Freedmen
3. President Lincoln’s 1863 plan for Reconstruction; under its terms, once ten percent of the number of men who voted in the 1860 election swore a loyalty oath to the Union, and the state agreed to accept abolition of slavery and promised not to compensat Ten percent plan
4. Members of Congress who thought the people of the South should be punished for seceding and, in their view, causing the war. Radical Republicans
5. The process of bringing charges of wrongdoing against a public official while that official is still in office Impeachment
6. The Bureau of Refugees, Freedmen, and Abandoned Lands, founded in 1865 to provide emergency relief to poor southerners, both white and black; establish schools and perform marriages for former slaves; and reestablish and regulate labor relations betwe Freedmen’s Bureau
7. Laws passed in many southern states after the Civil War that were designed to regulate the labor, movements, and behavior of former slaves. Black Codes
8. A deadly 1866 confrontation as former slaves and Republicans battled former Confederate Democrats at the Mechanics’ Institute building in New Orleans. Mechanics’ Institute Riot
9. Four pieces of legislation passed by Congress in 1867 and 1868 that divided the states of the former Confederacy into five districts and put them under military control. Reconstruction Acts
10. To take away the right to vote from someone. Disfranchise
11. An insulting term applied to northerners who came south during Reconstruction; they were suspected of taking advantage of postwar conditions to gain political power and to enrich themselves. Carpetbagger
12. A secret paramilitary organization formed in St. Mary Parish that used methods intended to create terror among potential black Republican voters. Knights of the White Camellia
13. A board founded during Reconstruction that had the power to determine whether election outcomes were legitimate or the product of fraud or intimidation. Returning board
14. A deadly riot of April 1873 that began when heavily armed white Democrats tried to remove Republican electees from the Grant Parish Courthouse. Colfax Massacre
15. A paramilitary group, formed in 1874 that was committed to restoring the state to white Democratic rule by whatever means necessary. White League
16. An incident of September 1874 in which well-armed, but outnumbered, Republicans fought with White Leaguers, who forced the Republicans to retreat and took control of New Orleans government until Republican control was returned by federal troops. Battle of Liberty Place
17. Democrats who, after the end of Military Reconstruction, saw themselves as redeeming southern honor as they returned white Democratic political control in the South. Redeemers
18. The term used to describe the return of white Democratic political control after Reconstruction. home rule
19. Which explains why former Confederates were unable to vote during the time of military Reconstruction? They were unable to take an oath that they had been loyal to the Union.
20. Which event marks the end of the Reconstruction period? federal troops withdrawn
21. This New Orleans scene would have occurred following which Constitutional Amendment? 15th
22. Which Amendment put an end to slavery throughout the United States? 13th
23. Which resulted from Louisiana’s early military occupation during the Reconstruction period? Louisiana was used as a testing ground for policies designed to bring rebel states back into the nation.
24. Who opposed the plan described in the passage? Radical Republicans
25. How were Lincoln and Johnson’s Reconstruction plans similar? They both focused on quickly reintegrating the rebel states.
26. Which occurred in Louisiana as a result of Johnson’s lenient Reconstruction policies? Former Confederates were able to regain control of the state legislature.
27. Which action would have been supported by Section 4 of the Black Code? Freedmen were required to sign a labor contract.
28. How did Northerners respond to the passage of Black Codes in Southern states? They saw them as an extension of slavery and called for firmer federal legislation.
29. Why did Republicans gather in the Mechanics’ Institute building on July 30, 1866? to discuss freedmen’s right to vote
30. What started the riot at the Mechanics’ Institute? a gun shot
31. What evidence from the drawing supports the claim of one newspaper that this was “an absolute massacre”? The white men are killing unarmed freedmen.
32. Which happened as a result of the 1866 Mechanics’ Institute Riot? Northern outrage led to the election of more Radical Republicans and stricter legislation.
33. According to the passage, what was Congress’ primary purpose in passing the Reconstruction Acts? Congress believed that the Southern states would not allow freemen to vote unless they forced the issue.
34. What is another name for the time period when the South was subject to the Reconstruction Acts? Military Reconstruction
35. During Military Reconstruction, what requirements had to be met before a state could adopt a new constitution and elect a new state government? ratify the 14th Amendment and register former male slaves and free men of color to vote
36. How were Louisiana’s March 1868 elections affected by the disfranchisement of a large number of Democrats? Republicans took control of the state government.
37. How was the Constitution of 1868 different from the Constitution of 1864? It was more equalitarian.
38. Who was the first Louisiana governor elected under the Constitution of 1867? Henry Clay Warmoth
39. Who was the first African American to be elected to a statewide office in Louisiana? Oscar Dunn
40. Which explains why former Confederate Democrats were upset with the outcome of the election of 1868? The state was now being governed by a former Union soldier, a man of color, and a legislature with black members.
41. Which explains why many Louisiana elections were disputed in the late 1800s? voter fraud and intimidation
42. Which event led to the tragic events at Colfax in 1873? dispute over local election results
43. Based on the cartoon, how would the purpose of the White League be described? They were committed to restoring the state to white Democratic rule by whatever means necessary.
44. This statement represents the platform of which group? White League
45. Which summarizes the outcome of the Battle of Liberty Place? Republicans could continue to control Louisiana only with federal support.
46. Which Louisiana native was elected governor in 1876 after a successful Civil War military career? Francis T. Nicholls
47. How did Francis T. Nicholls secure his place as Governor of Louisiana? attacking the Cabildo
48. Which president promised to remove all federal troops from the South? Rutherford B. Hayes
49. Who served as Louisiana’s last governor during Reconstruction? Francis T. Nicholls
50. How did the Constitution of 1879 differ from the Constitution of 1868? It limited voting rights of freedmen.
Created by: Colleen Frazier