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Chapter 3 Egypt

Obelisks tall, thin pillars with pyramid-shaped tops
Smelt to melt or fuse metal in order to separate the metallic components
Bureaucracy a highly structured organization, often governmental, managed by officals
Delta a triangular region formed at the mouth of a river by deposits of silt
Pharaoh ruler of ancient Egypt
Papyrus a paper-like material made by ancient Egyptians from the stem of the reedy papyrus plant which grows in the Nile River delta
Rosetta Stone stone found in 1799 that bears an inscription in hieroglyphics demotic script and Greek; gave the first clue to deciphering Egyptian hioerglyphics
Cataracts rocky stretches in a river marked by rapid currents or waterfalls
Mummification the process of preserving the body with chemicals after death
Hieroglyphics a form of ancient writing in which picture symbols represent sounds
Theocracy a government ruled by religious leaders who claim God's authority
Rames the Great pharaoh of Egypt; he led an army against Hittite invaders of Egypt. He ruled Egypt with an extravagance and built more Temples and monuments than any other Egyptian Pharaoh.
Hatshepsut Queen of Ancient Egypt; she took the throne in place of her stepson, Thutmose III, and during her reign, focused on temple building projects and trade.
Menes first pharaoh of Egypt; he is credited with uniting upper and lower Egypt and is said to have founded the city of Memphis, he capital of unified Egypt.
Piakhi king of Kush; he led the kushities north into Egypt, conquering, all of Egypt and making himself pharaoh.
Created by: AdrianJones
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