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Chapter 3 Egypt


Obelisk tall, thin pillars with pyramid-shaped tops
Smelt to melt or fuse metal in order to separate the metallic components
Bureaucracy a highly structured organization, often government, managed by officials
Delta a triangular region formed at the mouth of a river by deposits of silt
Pharaon ruler of ancient Egypt
Theocracy a government ruled by religion leaders who claim God's authority
Papyrus a paper-like material made by ancient Egyptians from the stem of the stem of the reedy papyrus plants, which grows in the Nile River delta
Rosetta Stone stone founded in 1799 that bears an inscription in hieroglyphics, demotic script, and Greek; gave the first clue to deciphering Egyptian hieroglyphics
Cataracts Rocky Stretches in a river marked by rapid currents or waterfalls
Mummification the process of preserving the body with chemicals after death
Hieroglyphics a form of ancients writing picture symbols represent sounds
Menes first Pharaoh of Egypt; he is credited with uniting upper and lower Egypt and is said to have founded the city of Memphis; the capital of unitfied Egypt
Hatshepsut queen of ancient Egypt; shew took the throne in place of her stepson, Thutmose lll, and during her resign focused on templed building project and trade
Ramses the Great Pharaoh of Egypt; he led an army againist Hittle invaders of Egypt. He ruled Egypt with extravagance and built more temples and monument than any other Egyptian Pharaoh
Piankhi king of ancient Kush; he led the Kushites north into Egypt; conquering all Egypt and marking himself Pharaoh
Created by: anahernandez