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Chapter 3 Egypt

TermDefinition
Obelisks tall, thin pillars with pyramid-shape tops
smelt to melt or fuse metal in order to separate the metallic components
bureauracy a highly structured organization often government managed by officials
delta a triangular region formed at the mouth of a river by deposits of silt
pharoah ruler of ancient egypt
theocracy a government ruled by religious leaders who claim God's authority
papyrus a paper-like material made by ancient Egyptians from the stem of the reedy papyrus plant which grows in the nile river delta
Rosetta stone stone found in 1799 that bears an inscription in hieroglyphics demotic script and Greek; gave the first clue to deciphering Egyptian hieroglyphics
Cataracts rocky stretches in a river marked by rapid currents or waterfalls
Mummificationi the process of preserving the body with chemicals after death
hieroglyphics a form of ancient writing in which picture symbols represent sounds
menes first pharaoh of Egypt he is credited with uniting Upper and Lower Egypt and is said to have found the city of Memphis the capital of unified Egypt
Hatsheput Queen of ancient Egypt she took the throne in place of her stepson Thutmose III and during her reign focused on temple-building projects and trade
Ramses the Great Pharaoh of Egypt : he led an army against Hittite invaders of Egypt. He ruled Egypt with extravagance and built more temples and mountains than any other pharaoh
Piankhi King of Ancient Kush: he led the Kushities north in to Egypt conquering all of Egypt and making himself Pharaoh
Created by: Omarpineda