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StudyGuide

QuestionAnswer
What were the eligible Athenians able to do when they developed a new form of government? Voted and made their own laws
Why did Sparta and Athens unite and work together? Persia invaded Greece
What was the final outcome of the Peloponnesus War? All of Greece became weak and ripe for takeover
What is meant by a Golden Age? Period of time in a society’s history with great achievements
What was it about Greek art that people admired? Artists’ skill and careful preparation create realistic statues
How did Alexander the Great extend the legacy of Greek culture throughout the Persian Empire? Introducing Greek culture and blending it with other cultures
Acropolis top city
City-state political units made up of a city and all the surrounding countryside
Greek Colony independent, but kept ties with the older cities of Greece
Democracy Eligible citizens participate in this type of government
Empire a land with different territories and peoples under a single ruler
Philosophy The search for truth, wisdom, and the right way to live
Alexander the Great famous military leader who invaded and conquered the Persian Empire
Themistocles naval war general in Persian war who won at the Battle of Salamis and helped Athens win the war
Which Greek philosopher taught Alexander the Great? Aristotle
Training or education (Sparta Men) Went to military school at 7 A little reading and writing Trained in weapons at 12 Joined a mess at 20 Expected to fight to the death Obedience, deceitful, fearlessness
Training or education ( Athens Men) Believed both mind and body needs to be developed Learned all subjects as well as music, physical fitness and sports Served in army two years after 18
Trade or government (Sparta Men) Didn’t believe in trade Government was an oligarchy At 30 became an equal and had more privileges People had no say in government and had to obey without question
Trade or government (Athens Men) Became wealthy and powerful by trade Gained goods and ideas through trade Controlled the eastern Med. Region through the use of their navy Developed a democracy Free adult male citizens could vote
Training or education (Sparta Women) Expected to be physically fit and trained with the boys Learned to read and write a little Expected to protect Sparta by force
Training or education (Athens Women) No education Stayed at home Trained to run household
Family or home life (Sparta Women) Could own land Could do business Main job was to have healthy babies Ran the household
Family or home life (Athens Women) Ran the household Could only see husband when he wanted it Didn’t leave the house except for festivals and religious ceremonies
What are examples Greek/Athens legacies? Architecture, literature, theater, science, mathematics, alphabet, religion, philosophy, jury, assembly, astronomy, democracy.
What are some similarities between America and Athens democracies? 1. Have to be over 18 to vote 2. must be a citizen 3. citizens serve on juries 4. citizens are paid to serve on juries 5. people rule the government 6. citizens vote on laws
Differences between Athens and America (Athens) Had to be a male Had to be a citizen born in Athens Had to be free Women had no rights Had to vote if eligible
Differences between American and Athens (America) Men and women can vote Don’t have to vote Can earn citizenship No slavery Equal rights for all people
Created by: AlidaGrace
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