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USA

Important people III Exploring America

TermDefinition
Massasoit leader of the Wampanoag, lived in Montaup, a Pokanoket village
Edward Winslow Mayflower pilgrim, one of leaders on the ship and also later at Plymouth Colony
Josiah Winslow Plymouth governor from 1673 to 1680
Metacomet/King Philip the second son of the sachem Massasoit, a chief of his people 1662-1676, his head was placed on a stake atop the fort on Burial Hill in Plymouth for 20 yrs
John Alderman praying Indian, shot and killed Metacomet in 1676
Benjamin Church the captain of the first Ranger force in America
Leif Ericson "Lucky Leif" Viking sailor from Iceland, visited America cca AD 1000, named it "Vinland the Good"
Amerigo Vespucci Italian Sailor, letters in 1490s that America was a new continent
Christopher Columbus Italian adventurer, visited America in 1492
Ponce de León Spanish conquistador, 1513 set off in search of the Fountain of Youth, claimed Florida for Spain
Hernán Cortés Spanish Conquistador, wanted gold, led an expedition that caused the fall of the Aztec Empire (today Mexico) 1520s
Francisco Pizzaro Spanish conquistador, wanted gold, led an expedition that conquered the Inca Empire, captured and killed Incan emperor Atahualpa, 1530s
conquistadores conquerors like Cortés and Pizzaro
Hernando de Soto between 1539 and 1543 explored much of the south of US, Florida, Mississippi River, Texas, Oklahoma
Fransisco Coronado between 1539 and 1543 explored much of the south of US, Mexico, Grand Canyon, Colorado River, Kansas
John Cabot Italian seaman hired by Henry VII
Giovanni Verrazano Italian seaman hired by french king Francis I
Jacques Cartier French explorer, discovered the St. Lawrence River in 1534, gave France a claim to Canada
Created by: Navae-lily