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Social Studies

TermDefinition
Canopic Jar a jar used in ancient Egyptian burials to hold the organs from an embalmed body
Djoser an ancient Egyptian pharaoh of the 3rd dynasty during the Old Kingdom
Dynasty a line of related rulers of a country
Hieroglyphics writing consisting of hieroglyphs
Mummy body of a human being or animal that has been ceremonially preserved by removal of the internal organs
Nile Delta The Nile Delta is the delta formed in Northern Egypt where the Nile River spreads out and drains into the Mediterranean Sea
Pharoh a ruler in ancient Egypt more than three thousand years
Pyramid a stone building built of stone as a royal tomb in ancient Egypt
Papyrus a material prepared in ancient Egypt from the pithy stem of a water plant, used in sheets throughout the ancient Mediterranean world for writing or painting on and also for making rope, sandals, and boats.
Polytheistic worshiping two or more gods
Silt fine sand, clay, or other material carried by running water
The Book Of The Dead A collection of ancient Egyptian funerary texts from various periods, containing prayers, magic formulas, and hymns to be used by the soul of the deceased for guidance and protection on its journey to the afterlife.
Upper Eygpt Upper Egypt is the strip of land on both sides of the Nile that extends between Nubia and downriver (northwards) to Lower Egypt.
Lower Eygpt Lower Egypt is the northernmost region of Egypt: the fertile Nile Delta, between Upper Egypt and the Mediterranean Sea
Pharohs, Gov, Priest,Scribe, Artisans, Farmers (Polly's good pig slowly ate figs) Social Classes
What geographical features were important influences to Ancient Egypt? The Nile was influential because it provided many things, such as, transportation,food, and water.
List the reasons the Nile River was important to the Egyptians (include the most common crops). The Nile was important because it provided water, a place to wash, and food. It watered the plants wheat, barley, vegetables, figs, melons, pomegranates and vines) and provided fish.
Khufu One of the first Pharaoh to bring Egypt together 2. Built pyramids 3. Very harsh 4. Ruled during the old kingdom
Hatshepsut One of few female rulers in Eygpt 2. Led many trade expiditions 3. Was possibly assanated 4. The economy grew
Senusret I The Jubilee Chaple was built by his orders 2. Expanded Egypt 3. Strong ruler 4. Ruled during the Middle Kingdom
Ramses II Built the Temple of Ramses 2. Strong military 3. Fought against the hiltites 4. Strong leader
The process of mummification (only performed on the wealthiest) took ____________ days. List the steps of the mummification process. 70 days Insert a hook through a hole near the nose and pull out part of the brain Make a cut on the left side of the body near the stomach Remove all organs Let thel organs dry
Name the 3 Kingdoms of Egypt Old Middle New
Process pt.2 Cover the corpse with salt for 70 days After 40 days stuff the body with linen or sand to give it a more human shape After the 70 days wrap the body from head to toe in bandages Place in a sarcophagus (a type of box like a coffin)
Created by: Always_Alexis
 

 



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