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7th grade facts 1-40

US History Facts

The First Amendment states that “Congress shall make no law” restricting freedom of speech, religion, press, assembly, and petition.
The Second Amendment guarantees the right of states to organize militias, or armies, and the right of individuals to bear arms.
The Third Amendment forbids the government to order private citizens to allow soldiers to live in their homes.
The Fourth Amendment requires that warrants be issued if property is to be searched or seized (taken) by the government.
The Fifth Amendment protects an accused person from having to testify against him or herself (self-incrimination); bans double jeopardy, and guarantees that no person will suffer the loss of life, liberty, or property without due process of law.
The Sixth Amendment guarantees the right to a speedy public trial by an impartial jury; the right to a lawyer; the right to cross examine witnesses; and the right to force witnesses at a trial to testify.
The Seventh Amendment guarantees the right to a jury trial in civil suits.
The Eighth Amendment prohibits cruel and unusual punishment and excessive bail or fines.
The Ninth Amendment states that the people have rights other than those specifically mentioned in the Constitution.
The Tenth Amendment states that powers not given to the federal government belong to the states.
The Thirteenth Amendment abolished slavery.
The Fourteenth Amendment guarantees citizenship and rights to all people born or naturalized in the United States.
The Fifteenth Amendment guarantees the right to vote to all citizens regardless of race.
The Great Compromise Created two houses of Congress. One based on population, the other gave equal representation to each state.
The Magna Carta signed in 1215 by King John, was the first document that limited power of the ruler.
The English Bill of Rights protected the rights of English citizens and became the basis for the American Bill of Rights.
signed on July 4, 1776 The Declaration of Independence
written in 1787 The Constitution of the United States
Louisiana Territory President Thomas Jefferson purchased it from France in 1803.
Primary Sources the original records of an event. They include eyewitness reports, records created at the time of an event, speeches, and letters by people involved in the event, photographs and artifacts.
Secondary Sources the later writings and interpretations of historians and writers. Often secondary sources, like textbooks and articles, provide summaries of information found in primary sources.
Civil Disobedience the refusal to obey a government law or laws as a means of passive resistance because of one’s moral conviction or belief.
Mercantilism an economic theory that a country’s strength is measured by the amount of gold it has, that a country should sell more than it buys and that the colonies exist for the benefit of the Mother Country.
Representative Government a system of government in which voters elect representatives to make laws for them.
Declaration of Independence a document written by Thomas Jefferson, declaring the colonies independence from England.
Republic is a nation in which voters choose representatives to govern them.
Three Branches of Government the Legislative Branch, the Judicial Branch, and the Executive branch.
Checks and Balances system set up by the Constitution in which each branch of the federal government has the power to check, or control, the actions of the other branches.
Federalism the sharing of power between the states and the national government
Amend to change.
A Democracy a form of government that is run for and by the people, giving people the supreme power.
Ratify to approve by vote.
Judicial Review the right of the Supreme Court to judge laws passed by Congress and determine whether they are constitutional or not.
The Articles of Confederation The first American constitution. It was a very weak document that limited the power of the Congress by giving states the final authority over all decisions.
The Constitution of the United States sets out the laws and principles of the government of the United States.
The Bill of Rights first ten amendments to the Constitution and detail the protection of individual liberties.
James Madison the “Father of the Constitution”.
Bicameral two houses, or chambers, especially in a legislature.
Suffrage the right to vote.
Unalienable rights rights that cannot be given up, taken away or transferred. Life, liberty and the pursuit of happiness are some of those rights.
Created by: diazcarlem