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Judicial Branch 2019

Pre test jud branch 2019

How many federal courts are written into the U.S. Constitution? One
What part of the Constitution explains how many courts are in the federal court system? Article III
A system where the federal court exists beside the 50 state courts. Dual Court System
What is the lowest federal court? The only trial court in the federal government. District Court
What is the authority to hear and decide on cases? Jurisdiction
What is the term for treat every person the same under the law? Equal Protection
What type of jurisdiction is it when a case can only be heard in a federal court? Exclusive Jurisdiction
What type of jurisdiction is it when both the state and federal government can hear a case? Concurrent Jurisdiction
What is the authority a court has to hear a case first called? Original Jurisdiction
What is the authority to hear a case that has already been in another court called? Appellate Jurisdiction
What is the term when a court makes a decision and it becomes the law of the land? Precedent
What is the term for a case being sent back to a lower court? Remand
What is the term for changing the decision of a lower court? Reversing
What is it when an appeals court says the decision in a lower court stands? Uphold
Who appoints justices to federal courts? President
What is the right to hold office? Tenure
How many Supreme Court justices are there? 9
What is a courts right to decide if they want to hear a case called? Judicial Review
Who is the Chief Justice of the Supreme Court? John Roberts
What is considered to be the law of the land? Constitution
How long is a federal judges term of office? Life
Created by: krisestu



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