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Chapter 10 Test-LA

1. The action of withdrawing formally from membership of a federation or body, especially a political state Secession
2. The freeing of slaves Emancipation
3. The principle that the rights of individual states should prevail over the rights of the federal government State’s rights
4. an 1820 compromise that brought Missouri into the Union as a slave state and Maine as a free state; it established a demarcation line for slavery at latitude 36°30’ N Missouri Compromise
5. Proposed legislation, which was never passed, that would prohibit slavery in any new territory acquired from the Mexican-American War Wilmot Proviso
6. A multipart compromise whereby California joined the Union as a Free State, Utah and New Mexico Territories could decide on slavery by popular sovereignty, and a Fugitive Slave Act was passed Compromise of 1850
7. The ability of the people of an area to decide an issue, such as whether to allow slavery, for themselves Popular sovereignty
8. An act designed to ensure southern slaveholders that they could reclaim slaves who escaped to free slaves Fugitive Slave Act
9. The thinking of northerners and southerners that their own part of the country was fundamentally different from the other, based in large part on the issue of slavery Sectionalism
10. The union, formed in April 1861, of seven (eventually eleven) slave states that had seceded from the United States beginning shortly after the election of Abraham Lincoln in 1860 Confederate States of America
11. An act first passed in the Civil War to set up a draft (compulsory enlistment for military service) Conscription Act
12. The use of naval forces to isolate a seaport and prevent ships from entering or leaving it Blockade
13. An act in the Civil War that allowed the Union army to confiscate the property of those who continued to support the Confederacy Confiscation Act
14. Making an unfair profit on essential goods during emergency times Profiteering
15. A Union strategy in the Civil War to squeeze the Confederates into submission by controlling the Mississippi River and isolating forces west of the river, thus splitting the Confederacy in two Anaconda Plan
16. A tactic where an army tries to capture a fort or town by surrounding it and preventing supplies from reaching it Siege
17. A bitter herb whose root was ground to serve as a replacement for coffee during the Civil War Chicory
18. A proclamation issued by President Lincoln on January1, 1863, that did not end slavery but was designed to create havoc by freeing slaves only in Confederate-occupied areas Emancipation Proclamation
19. The murder of a prominent person, usually for political reasons Assassination
20. Which explains why Abraham Lincoln’s name was left off the Louisiana ballot in 1860? Louisiana did not recognize the Republican Party.
21. Where did the longest siege of the Civil War occur? Port Hudson
22. Which Union general was labeled “Beast” because of his treatment of the Confederates? Benjamin Butler
23. Which explains why southern states supported the institution of slavery? Their economic system was dependent on slave labor.
24. Who do the primary characters represent in the cartoon called a Family Quarrel? Northern States and Southern States
25. What is the author’s intended message in the cartoon called a Family Quarrel? The argument over slavery was tearing the United States apart.
26. This poster would have been created following which event? (Caution!!) Fugitive Slave Law
27. Which group would have posted this message? (Caution!!) abolitionists
28. Which was the most controversial part of the Compromise of 1850? Fugitive Slave Act
29. Who wrote Uncle Tom’s Cabin? Harriet Beecher Stowe
30. Which political party was formed by southerners who wished to stay in the Union? Constitutional Union Party
31. Which was the Republican Party’s stance on slavery during the 1860 election? Slavery could continue in current slave states.
32. What happened as a direct result of Lincoln’s election in 1860? Southern states began to secede from the United States.
33. What was Louisiana’s primary concern when considering secession? economic impact
34. Why were sugar planters particularly concerned with secession? Losing protective federal tariffs would affect prices and markets for their crop.
35. Who ordered the attack on Fort Sumter? General Beauregard
36. Which of the following was a result of the attack on Fort Sumter? The Union and Confederacy went to war.
37. From where did Major Wheat recruit most of his five hundred man unit? the wharves and docks of New Orleans
38. Which explains why Wheat’s unit became known as the “Fighting Tigers”? They were ferocious with the enemy and wild off the battlefield.
39. How did the Confederate government try to increase voluntary military service? They offered a bounty (reward).
40. What age men were required to serve in the Confederate Army? 18-35
41. Why did the soldiers and civilians burn the cotton bales in New Orleans? They wanted to keep them out of Union hands.
42. How was the complaint “a rich man’s struggle but a poor man’s fight” related to the Conscription Act? Draft exemptions favored upper class professionals and those who benefited from slavery.
43. The cartoon is a depiction of what military strategy? (Scott's Great Snake) Blockade
44. Which conclusion can be drawn about the Union’s plan to defeat the Confederacy? Blockading the South’s major ports and waterways would cripple their transportation, supplies, and economy.
45. What did General Banks do to improve conditions in New Orleans? supported a free market and cleaned the city
46. What other locations served as Louisiana’s government headquarters during the Civil War? Opelousas then Shreveport
47. Which action did Governor Henry Watkins Allen take to lessen the suffering of the people of Louisiana? He opened trade with Mexico and provided financial benefits to families of soldiers.
48. Why were slaves in Louisiana not subject to the Emancipation Proclamation? Louisiana was under Union occupation at the time of its issue.
49. Which Confederate capital was the last to surrender? Shreveport
50. Who assassinated President Abraham Lincoln on April 15, 1865? John Wilkes Booth
Created by: Colleen Frazier