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Government

TermDefinition
Judicial Branch Interprets the laws
Executive Branch Carries out the laws
Legislative Branch Makes the laws
Representative Democracy a government in which people vote and choose leaders to represent them
veto the power to say "no" to a law
budget a plan for how money will be used
taxes money paid to the government to provide services
Governor the head of a state's executive branch
Mayor the head of a local government
Constitution describes the government's jobs, laws, and how it is set up
Congress made up of the Senate and the House of Representatives
National Government the same as the Federal Government
the government's purpose: protect our rights, keep us safe, make sure everyone is treated fairly
Governor's job is: plan the state budget and make sure laws are carried out
Local Governments: run the cities/towns and provide their services
General Assembly the lawmaking group on the state level
Supreme Court is the: The highest court in the country
Supreme Court justices: 9 justices who are appointed (chosen) by the President; serve for life
Two types of taxes: Sales and Income
Senate 100 members, 2 per state, 6 year term
House of Representatives 435 members, # per state based on population, 2 year term
5 steps to a bill becoming a law: 1. Citizens develop an idea for a bill 2. Members of the House or Senate propose the bill 3. The House and Senate vote to approve the bill 4. The Pres. signs the bill into law or vetoes it 5. If vetoed, the House of Rep./Senate pass it with a 2/3 vote
Checks and Balances Separation of Power: no one branch has too much power to control everything; each branch has some power over the other branches
Why pay taxes? the government needs money to provide services that everyone uses
Created by: elise_kramer
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