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NA & ME

North Africa & Middle East

TermDefinition
Alluvial soil rich soil made up of sand and mud deposited by moving water.
Wadi streambeds that remain dry until heavy rain.
Phosphate chemical used in fertilizers.
Oasis a fertile spot in a desert where water is found.
Pastoralism branch of agriculture concerned with the raising of livestock.
Ethnic diversity differences among groups based on their languages, customs, and beliefs.
Infrastructure basic urban necessities like streets and utilities.
Domesticate taking animals from the wild to make them useful to people.
Culture hearth centers where cultures developed and from which ideas and traditions spread outward.
Cuneiform wedge-shaped symbols written on wet clay tablets that were then baked to harden them.
Hieroglyphics form of picture writing.
Monotheism belief in one god.
Prophet messengers
Mosque house of worship where Muslims pray.
Nationalism a belief in the right of an ethnic group to have its own independent country.
Nationalize placed under under government control, the foreign-owned oil companies oil companies within their boarders.
Embargo ban on trade
Ziggurat mud-brick temples shaped like pyramids & rose about flat landscapes
Bedouin desert nomads
Bazaar traditional market place
Arable land suitable for farming
Commodities economic goods
Petrochemical products derived from petroleum or natural gas
Gross Domestic Product value of goods and services produced in a country in a year.
Hajj pilgrimage
Atlas Mountains Africa’s longest mountain range, extends across Morocco and Algeria. Enough precipitation falls on the northern side of these mountains to water the coastal regions, making them ideal for farming.
Caucasus Mountains rise north of Mount Ararat between the Black Sea and Caspian Sea.
Arabian Peninsula seperated from Africa by the Red Sea and the Gulf of Aden
Persian Gulf frames the Arabian Peninsula on the east.
Sinai Peninsula flanked by the Gulf of Suez and the Gulf of Aqaba in the northwest.
Anatolia points west to the Aegean Sea. The Black and Mediterranean Seas lie at the peninsula’s north and south.
Dead Sea sits at the mouth of the Jordan River.
Caspian Sa largest inland body of water on Earth. This sea laps the shores of both Asia and Europe.
Aral Sea east of the Caspian Sea.
Nile River world’s longest river at 4,160 miles
Tigris River flows mainly through Iraq
Euphrates River flows mainly through Iraq
Sahara largest desert in the world at about 3.5 million square miles
Rub' al-Khali also known as Empty Quarter & has the largest area of sand in the region
Kara-Kum in Central Asia
Gulf of Aqaba next to the Strait of Tiran
Strait of Horuz links the Persian Gulf with the Red Sea
Aswan High Dam 600 miles south of Cairo, Eqypt. created worlds first artificial lake
Created by: rylie.guerin