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Civil War Era

Disunion, CW, Reconstruction VUS 7

Who wrote Uncle Tom's Cabin and what impact did it have on society? Harriet Beecher Stowe; it exposed the cruelties of slavery and helped the abolitionist movement gain momentum
How did President James Buchanan believe the slavery issue should be settled? The Supreme Court should decide on the issue of slavery
What precedent was established in the decision in the Dred Scott v. Sanford case? Slaves are property, not citizens
What happened as a result of the election of 1860? Republican Abraham Lincoln was elected and sparked southern secession
Who was president of the United States during the Civil War? Abraham Lincoln
Who was president of the Confederate States of America? Jefferson Davis
Who was the Confederate General o the Army of Northern Virginia? Robert E. Lee
Although Robert E. Lee opposed secession, why did he lead the Confederate Army? He did not believe the Union should be held together by force
Who was the commanding general of the Union Army? Ulysses S. Grant
Who was the former slave who urged Lincoln to recruit former slaves for the Union army? Frederick Douglass
Where was the opening confrontation of the Civil War? Fort Sumter, SC
What important document was issued after the Battle of Antietam? Emancipation Proclamation
Why was the Emancipation Proclamation important? By freeing slaves in states of rebellion, Lincoln changed the goal of the war from preserving the union to destroying slavery
What battle is considered the turning point of the Civil War and why? Gettysburg, Lee's last great offensive attack
Where did Robert E Lee surrender the army of Northern Virginia to Ulysses S Grant? Appomattox Court House Virginia
What did Lee encourage his troops to do after defeat? He encouraged southerners to accept defeat and unite as Americans again
What is the strategic war plan used by the Union army called? Anaconda Plan
What was the strategic war plan used by the Confederate army called? Offensive-Defensive Plan
What was Lincoln's view of Reconstruction? Quickly restore state governments and reunite the nation without punishment
Whose reconstruction plan is stated in the quote "with malice towards none, with charity for all...to bind up the nations wounds." Abraham Lincoln
What enabled Radical Republicans to influence the process of Reconstruction? John Wilkes Booth assassination of Abraham Lincoln
What as the Radical Republican plan for reconstruction? Did not allow seceded states back immediately and put them under military occupation
Did Radical Republicans agree with President Andrew Johnson after Lincoln's assassination? No, they impeached him but failed to remove him from office over the issue of civil rights for African Americans
What are the "Civil War Amendments?" 13th, 14th, 15th (Free, Citizens, Vote)
When did Reconstruction come to an end? Compromise of 1877 promised the removal of military occupation in exchange for the election of a Republican president
What was the leadership role of Ulysses S Grant after the Civil War? He urged Congress not to be too harsh on former Confederates and advocated for the rights of freedmen during Reconstruction as President
What was the leadership role of Robert E Lee after the Civil War? He emphasized education and became the President of Washington College (Washington and Lee University)
What was the leadership role of Frederick Douglass after the Civil War? Spokesman for African Americans and advocated for the 14th and 15th Amendments prior to becoming an ambassador to Haiti
What was the name of the anti-slavery newspaper published by William Lloyd Garrison? The Liberator
Who proposed the Missouri Compromise and Compromise of 1850? Henry Clay
What is the Missouri Compromise? A temporary solution to growing sectionalism over slavery that divided the the nation at the 36-30 parallel and established slave territory below but not above in the Louisiana Purchase
What was the Compromise of 1850? Allowed California to become a free state, strengthened fugitive slave laws, established popular sovereignty in western territories and abolished the slave trade in Washington D.C.
Who proposed the Kansas Nebraska Act? Stephen Douglas
What was the Kansas Nebraska Act? Allowed popular sovereignty to be the deciding factor on slavery in the Kansas and Nebraska territories and repealed the Missouri Compromise
What were the 2 results of the Kansas Nebraska Act? A territorial civil war in Kansas nicknamed Bleeding Kansas and the birth of the Republican Party
What two slave rebellions took place in Virginia? Nat Turner's Rebellion and Gabriel Prosser's Rebellion
Why did southern states secede following the election of 1860? Afraid that republican president-elect Lincoln would try to abolish or limit the spread of slavery
What was the significance of the Battle of Antietam? First battle in northern territory resulting in the bloodiest battle in American History and led Lincoln to issuing the Emancipation Proclamation
What effect did the Emancipation Proclamation have on foreign governments? discouraged foreign governments from aiding the Confederacy who was defending the institute of slavery
How did the Civil War affect African Americans Gained freedom from the Emancipation Proclamation and served in the Union Army and Navy
What was the role of women during the Civil War? Managed homes and families, ran farms, faced poverty and hunger, worked as nurses or in war industries
What two major cities lay in ruins as the end of the Civil War? Atlanta and Richmond
What was the Jim Crow Era? The period where southern states required racial segregation in public facilities, schools, etc.
Created by: suireh