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Chapter 9 Test-LA

QuestionAnswer
1. “before the war”; the time in nineteenth-century America before the Civil War began in 1861 Antebellum
2. The right to vote Franchise
3. the granting of voting privileges to all free white men who had reached the age of twenty-one Universal manhood suffrage
4. the development of the infrastructure (things like roads, bridges, and canals) internal improvements
5. laws under which, when a woman married, her husband became her head and master, as her father had been before the marriage Head and master status
6. The financial representative of a plantation owner Factor
7. the number of slaves who lived and worked for a single master Holding
8. a large group of slaves who were marched overland from the Upper South to the Deep South, with men chained together and women and children unchained but closely supervised Coffle
9. a long open porch, usually with a roof, which was an important feature of a plantation home Veranda
10. the white man who acted as manager of the slaves and farming operations of a plantation overseer
11. the area where slaves lived on the plantation, where they gathered to cook, talk, sing, dance, mourn, and share their lives with one another Slave quarters
12. Which group of immigrants came to Louisiana after a series of potato famines in their home country? Irish
13. Which explains why the Know Nothing Party opposed immigration? They blamed the immigrants for the unemployment of American workers.
14. Which political party was supported by sugar planters? Whig
15. On which day of the week would this type of slave gathering have occurred in New Orleans? Sunday
16. Which explains what is occurring in the picture? The picture shows slaves gathered to socialize.
17. How did Louisiana’s economy change during the period from 1820 to 1860? The economy grew at astounding rates.
18. Who is credited with being one of Louisiana’s most effective antebellum governors? André Bienvenue Roman
19. Which explains why voters in North Louisiana did not want New Orleans to be the capital? They felt that it gave Creoles too much influence over the state’s politics.
20. What do the locations on the map all have in common? They have all been the capital of the state at some point.
21. How did rural legislators ensure that Baton Rouge would remain the capital of Louisiana? They allocated funds to design and construct an impressive capitol building.
22. Which was a result of ethnic tensions in New Orleans during the antebellum period? Governance was split and separate districts were formed within the city.
23. Which describes the core beliefs of the Democratic Party as it emerged in the antebellum period? small government, small business, and a large voting population
24. Which political party emerged to oppose the Democratic Party during the antebellum period? Whigs
25. Which describes the core beliefs of the Whig party as it emerged during the antebellum period? business, banking, and infrastructure
26. Which explains why many sugar planters were drawn to the Whig party? It supported a sugar tariff making their locally grown sugar more competitive.
27. Who is the only Louisiana candidate to be elected president of the United States? Zachary Taylor
28. How did the American Party maintain political control in New Orleans during the late antebellum period? force and voter intimidation
29. What do the head and master statutes imply about the place of women in antebellum Louisiana society? Women were seen as incapable of social or political leadership.
30. How did the Constitution of 1852 differ from the Constitution of 1845? It reasserted government support of business endeavors and infrastructure improvements.
31. How did New Orleans get the nickname “Queen City of the South”? It became the nation’s second busiest port during the antebellum period.
32. Which invention increased the use of Louisiana’s waterways for transporting people and goods upriver during the antebellum period causing new ports and settlements? steam boat
33. Which happened as a result of the invention of the steam boat? Private investors began constructing canals in order to collect tolls from users.
34. What is being described in this article from the February 21, 1831 issue of The United States Weekly Telegraph? Pontchartrain Railroad
35. Which two crops were primarily responsible for the success of the port of New Orleans during the antebellum period? cotton and sugar
36. What crop was Joseph Dubreuil de Villars referring to that improved LA economy after the American Revolution in his statement? sugar
37. Where can cotton be grown? It was possible to raise throughout the state on any size farm.
38. What conclusion can be drawn from the maps? Slavery was an accepted labor force and was very profitable for southern states.
39. How would the role of a slave in a large holding have differed from that of a slave in a smaller holding? They would have worked in a more specialized fashion.
40. Which conclusion can be drawn from this advertisement? The market and value of a slave depended on their age and skill set.
41. What type of jobs did urban slaves perform? dock hand, day laborer, and run businesses
42. Why was sugar only grown in south Louisiana? The warmer climate allowed for an extended growing season.
43. How did slaves ensure the survival of their cultural practices? through stories and songs
44. Which immigrant group is credited with the construction of the New Basin Canal? Irish
45. Which explains why Irish immigrants were often hired by slave owners to do dangerous jobs? They were viewed as less valuable than slaves.
46. What was built by the government to protect the plantation economy? a levee system
47. Which statement describes one belief of Jacksonian democracy? Individual citizens should be given more power.
48. Which two ethnic groups were the leading competitors for political power in LA during the Antebellum period? Creole and American
49. What political candidate was referred to as the choice of the common man? Andrew Jackson
50. What two groups of immigrants are depicted in the picture? Irish and Germans
Created by: Colleen Frazier