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Ch. 30-Vietnam #2

Vietnam War

In the 1940s, which countries’ troops at one point or another occupied Vietnam? France and Japan
What was the United States’ main goal in Vietnam? the containment of communism
What act authorized President Johnson to conduct the war in Vietnam? the Tonkin Gulf Resolution
Who served as the commander of U.S. troops in Vietnam? William Westmoreland
In the early years of the war, a young man could be automatically deferred from the draft by _____. enrolling in college
The main purpose of introducing the “body count” was to _______. persuade the Vietcong to surrender
In the 1968 presidential campaign, a dove would have been most likely to support _____. Eugene McCarthy
All of the following events occurred in 1968 except for the:A. Tet offensive B. invasion of Cambodia C. assassination of Robert Kennedy D. assassination of Martin Luther King, Jr. invasion of Cambodia
Which of the following enabled North Vietnam to supply allied troops in South Vietnam? the Ho Chi Minh Trail
What policy did President Nixon say would bring about “peace with honor” in Vietnam? the Vietnamization of the war
What event set off the first general student strike in U.S. history? the invasion of Cambodia
Which of the following was most effective in leading the American public to conclude that the war was unwinnable? the Tet offensive
The main purpose of the War Powers Act was to restrict the power of the president
Which of the following correctly identifies the two men who served as Secretary of Defense under Johnson? Robert McNamara and Clark Clifford
the Communist leader of North Vietnam Ho Chi Minh
the Vietnamese leader who launched the strategic hamlet program Ngo Dinh Diem
the belief that if one nation in an area becomes communist, then neighboring nations will also become communist domino theory
a toxic chemical used to destroy jungles in Vietnam during the war. Agent Orange
the name for a group of poor refugees who left Vietnam after it was reunified. boat people
the name given to the National Liberation Front by its opponents. Vietcong
provided for a cease-fire in, and the division of, Vietnam. Geneva Accords
resulted in the gradual withdrawal of United States troops from Vietnam. Vietnamization
resulted in the widespread destruction of South Vietnamese villages and the creation of some 4 million refugees. search and destroy missions
this physically separated North Vietnam from South Vietnam. DMZ (demilitarized zone)
was created by the Eisenhower administration to defend Asia from the threat of communist expansion. SEATO (Southeast Asia Treaty organization)
the capital city of North Vietnam. Hanoi
the capital of South Vietnam that was later renamed Ho Chi Minh City Saigon
the incident in which Americans slaughtered innocent Vietnamese civilians. My Lai Massacre
Nixon’s chief National Security advisor, represented the U.S. at the Paris peace talks, and won the 1973 Nobel Peace Prize for his efforts. Henry Kissinger
many Vietnam veterans suffering from recurring nightmares in which they relive their war experiences which is one symptom of this delay stress syndrome
What year did the last U.S. troops leave Vietnam? 1973
The conflict in Vietnam lasted nearly _______ years. 9
Approximately _______________ American troops died in Vietnam. 58,000