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Ch. 30-Vietnam War

Vietnam War

___________________ ruled Vietnam from the late 1800s until WWII. France
__________________ led the Indochinese Communist Party and fought French, Japanese, and U.S. forces for the independence of Vietnam. Ho Chi Minh
The _________________ was a group, formed by Vietnamese Communists and other nationalist groups in 1941, that declared its single goal to be Vietnam’s independence from foreign rule. Vietminh
_____________________ was a Vietnamese anti-Communist who declared himself the ruler of South Vietnam and canceled elections that were supposed to unify Vietnam. Ngo Dinh Diem
The _________________ was a pro-Communist South Vietnamese opposition group that carried out thousands of assassinations of South Vietnamese government officials. Vietcong
The _______________________________ allowed Communists in North Vietnam to supply military arms to the government opposition group in South Vietnam. Ho Chi Minh Trail
____________________ refers to a large group of poor Vietnamese who fled Vietnam after the Communists assumed power. boat people
The _____________________ was a Communist group that seized power in Cambodia after the U.S. invasion of that country unleashed a brutal civil war. Khmer Rouge
As the first secretary of defense in the Johnson administration, ______________________ he helped to craft and guide the U.S. policy in Vietnam. Robert McNamara
________________________ was the secretary of state in the Johnson administration. Dean Rusk
_______________________ was a trusted friend and adviser of Lyndon Johnson who served as Johnson’s second secretary of defense. Clark Clifford
__________________________ served as Nixon’s national security adviser and top negotiator in Vietnam. Henry Kissinger
____________________________________ was the U.S. commander in South Vietnam. William Westmoreland
___________ of Oregon was one of only two senators to vote against the Tonkin Gulf Resolution. Wayne Morse
___________ was the president who asked Congress for powers to take “all necessary measures” in Vietnam to protect U.S. forces and prevent further aggression. Lyndon Johnson
__________ became president after Richard Nixon was forced to resign. Gerald Ford
________________was a Minnesota senator and a dove candidate whose excellent showing in the 1968 New Hampshire Democratic primary surprised the nation. Eugene McCarthy
_____________ was the 1968 Democratic presidential candidate voluntarily dropped out of the race before the national convention took place. Lyndon Johnson
__________ decided to join the Democratic race for the presidency after seeing the surprising results of the 1968 New Hampshire primary, but was later assassinated in June of 1968. Robert Kennedy
____________ was Lyndon Johnson’s Vice-President who won the Democratic nominee for president in 1968. Hubert Humphrey
______________ was the former Alabama governor who ran as a third party candidate on a platform supporting states’ rights and segregation. George Wallace
____________ was the Republican nominee who won the the 1968 presidential race. Richard Nixon
_________ was the mayor of Chicago who mobilized 12,000 police officers and 5,000 National Guardsmen to keep “law and order” outside the Democratic National Convention hall. Richard Daley
_____________ was a civil rights leader and strong opponent of the Vietnam War who was assassinated on April 4, 1968, causing violent riots in 130 cities. Martin Luther King, Jr.
_____________ was a Palestinian immigrant who assassinated Robert Kennedy because he was angry over Kennedy’s support of Israel. Sirhan Sirhan
When the fort of ____________________ fell to Vietnamese forces, the French began to leave Vietnam. Dien Bien Phu
The _________________________ was the murder of 100 innocent Vietnamese villagers by U.S. troops that shocked Americans when it was finally revealed to the public. My Lai Massacre
The ________________________________ refers to 11 straight days of dropping bombs on Hanoi and Haiphong, two of Vietnam’s largest cities. Christmas bombings
Upon hearing of the __________________________________ , U.S. college students went on the first general student strike in the nation’s history. invasion of Cambodia
The ____________________________ was a massive attack by the Vietcong on over 100 South Vietnamese towns and cities as well as 12 U.S. air bases early in 1968. Tet Offensive
____________________ was the first extensive U.S. bombing of North Vietnam. Operation Rolling Thunder
The growing youth movement of the 1960s became known as the __________________ , a term that encompassed many different activist groups and organizations. New Left
Founded by Tom Hayden and Al Haber in 1959, ________________________________ called for a return to “participatory democracy” and greater individual freedom. Students for a Democratic Society
Founded in 1964 at the University of California at Berkeley, the ______________________ focused its criticisms on what it called the American “machine.” Free Speech Movement
Americans who strongly opposed the war and believed that the United States should withdraw from it were known as ________________. doves
Americans who strongly felt that the Johnson administration wasn’t doing enough to escalate and win the war were known as ___________________. hawks
Critics of Johnson’s policies in Vietnam used the term ___________________________ to describe their distrust of what the Johnson administration reported to the public about the war. credibility gap
National Guardsmen fired into a crowd of campus protesters at _____________________ on May 4, 1970. Kent State
The ______________________________ was a policy initiated by Diem that destroyed villages and moved all villagers to protected areas, away from the Vietcong. strategic hamlet program
To expose Vietcong tunnels and hideouts, U.S. planes dropped ____________ , a gasoline-based bomb that set fires to the jungles of Vietnam. napalm
The U.S. military used planes to spray ________________________ , a leaf-killing toxic chemical that devastated the landscape of Vietnam. Agent Orange
Conducted by U.S. soldiers, ________________________________________ resulted in the uprooting of Vietnamese villagers with suspected ties to the Vietcong, the killing of their livestock, and the burning of their villages. search-and destroy missions
________________ refers to an illness of recurring nightmares, headaches, and memory lapses suffered by some Vietnam veterans when they returned home. delayed stress syndrome
_______________ was Nixon’s strategy for ending U.S. involvement in the Vietnam War, involving the gradual withdrawal of U.S. troops and their replacement with South Vietnamese forces. Vietnamization
The _________________________ was based on the idea that countries on the brink of communism were waiting to fall one after another. domino theory
The _____________________________ was a 1954 peace agreement that divided Vietnam along the 17th parallel. Geneva Accords
The ___________________________________ granted the U.S. president broad military powers in Vietnam Tonkin Gulf Resolution
The ________________________ was a law passed by Congress curbs the president’s power to make war. War Powers Act
Publication of the _________________________________ revealed, among other things, that the Johnson administration had lied to the public about its intentions in Vietnam. Pentagon Papers
In order to help pay for the war, Johnson had to increase taxes and agree to slashing six billion dollars from his ________________________ programs. Great Society
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