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Ch. 29

Civil Rights

The _____ amendment outlawed slavery. 13th
The _____ amendment guaranteed African Americans equal treatment under the law. 14th
The _____ amendment guaranteed African American men the right to vote. 15th
The _________ outlawed segregation in public facilities but was overturned by the Supreme Court in 1883. Civil Rights Act of 1875
In _______________ the Court ruled that the principle of “separate but equal” did not violate the Fourteenth Amendment. Plessy v. Ferguson
In ____________________ , the Court ruled that separate schools for whites and blacks was illegal. Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka
_____________was the governor who refused to integrate schools in Arkansas. Orval Faubus
_________ was the governor refused to desegregate the University of Alabama. George Wallace
President _________ signed the Civil Rights Act of 1964 into law. Lyndon Johnson
President __________sent in federal troops to force the integration of Central High School in Little Rock. Dwight D. Eisenhower
_____ was the U.S. Attorney General under John F. Kennedy and later campaigned for the Democratic presidential nomination until he was assassinated in June 1968. Robert Kennedy
President _________ was assassinated on November 22, 1963. John F. Kennedy
________ led the team of lawyers in the Brown case and later went on to become the first African American Supreme Court justice. Thurgood Marshall
______________ was the first African American to attend the University of Mississippi. James Meredith
____________ became the first African American woman elected to the House of Representatives. Shirley Chisholm
_________was arrested for refusing to give up her seat on the bus to a white man. Rosa Parks
_____________was a pastor who was chosen to lead the Montgomery Bus Boycott, gave the famous “I Have a Dream” speech at the March on Washington, and won the Nobel Peace Prize for his civil rights efforts. Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr.
____________ was an NAACP field secretary who was killed by a white supremacist in June 1963. Medgar Evers
___________ led the Freedom Summer voter project in Mississippi. Robert Moses
__________ spoke for the Mississippi Freedom Democratic Party at the Democratic Convention. Fannie Lou Hamer
_____________studied the teachings of Elijah Muhammad, openly preached that blacks should separate from whites, and called for “armed self-defense." Malcolm X
_________________________ was a leader of SNCC who later became a Black Panther and voiced the slogan of “Black Power.” Stokely Carmichael
______________ was an organization of mostly college students who felt that change for African Americans was occurring too slowly and wanted to use more aggressive tactics. Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee (SNCC)
Dr. King joined with other ministers and civil rights leaders in 1957 to form the ___________. Southern Christian Leadership Conference (SCLC)
__________ was an interracial group founded by James farmer in 1942 to work against segregation in Northern cities and later organized freedom riders in 1961 to challenge segregation in the South. Congress of Racial Equality (CORE)
The _________ was a political party founded in 1966 that fought police brutality in the ghetto and offered a “program for the people.” Black Panthers
The ___________ is a religious group, popularly known as the Black Muslims, founded by Elijah Muhammad to promote black separatism and the Islamic religion. Nation of Islam
The ______________ prohibited discrimination because of race, religion, national origin, and gender in most employment and public accommodations and created the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission. Civil Rights Act of 1964
The ___________ eliminated voter literacy tests and enabled federal examiners to register voters. Voting Rights Act of 1965
The ___________banned discrimination in the renting or selling of housing. Civil Rights Act of 1968
The _____________ was a protest strategy to force integration at white-only lunch counters. sit-in
____________were civil rights activists who rode buses through the south in the early 1960s to challenge segregation freedom riders
________________________ was the SNCC project to register African American voters in Mississippi. Freedom Summer
The SCLC started a black voter registration campaign in ____________ in 1965 that resulted in a 50-mile march to Montgomery. Selma
________ were laws aimed at separating the races. Jim Crow
___________ is segregation that exists by practice and custom. De facto segregation
______________________ describes the movement of white city dwellers to the suburbs that began after WWII. white flight
On August 11, 1965, one of the worst race riots in history began in the L.A. neighborhood of ____________ , lasting 6 days, killing 34 people, and causing $30 million in damage. Watts
_____________ are programs make special efforts to to hire or enroll persons from groups who have suffered from past discrimination. affirmative action
______________ is segregation that exists by law. De jure segregation
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