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Ch. 32-1970s

Nixon, Ford, Carter

QuestionAnswer
What were Nixon’s beliefs about the size and influence of government ? Decreasing the size and power of the national government and increasing the power of state and local governments through revenue sharing
Which programs did Nixon cut or stall funding for and which programs did he cut all together? Nixon abolished the Office of Economic Opportunity, impounded almost $15 billion, affecting more than 100 federal programs and tried unsuccessfully to eliminate the Job Corps program
Which programs did Nixon increase funding for? Under Nixon, Security, Medicare, and Medicaid payments were increased
Nixon’s law and order policies included what sort of illegal activities? Using the FBI to illegally wiretap the Democratic Party offices , using the CIA to investigate his enemies, and sing the IRS to audit tax returns of antiwar and civil rights activists
Nixon’s method of attracting conservative voters by slowing down or reversing civil rights policies and naming conservative judges to the court was called the the Southern strategy
How did Nixon affect the makeup of the Supreme Court? He appointed four justices, who tilted the court in a more conservative direction, to replace the four justices who retired
Between 1967 and 1973, the U.S. faced stagflation. What is stagflation? High unemployment and high inflation
Which of the following is true of the events surrounding the 1973 Yom Kippur War? Syria and Egypt invaded Israel on the most scared Jewish holiday, the Arab OPEC nations cut off all oil sales to the U.S. when America sent massive military aid to Israel and the price of oil quadrupled in the U.S. by 1974
What was realpolitik? Foreign policy should be based solely on consideration of power, as only strong nations matter
Nixon’s policy aimed at easing Cold War tensions was called ___________ détente
Which of the following correctly describes Nixon’s policy toward China? Nixon visited China and opened up diplomatic and economic relations with the Chinese
What was the SALT I Treaty? a five-year agreement that limited the number of intercontinental ballistic missiles and submarine-launched missiles held by the U.S. and the Soviet Union
Watergate refers to A scandal involving the Nixon’s administration’s attempt to cover up a burglary of the Democratic National Committee headquarters
Bob Woodward and Carl Bernstein were _________. wo Washington Post reporters who uncovered the Watergate scandal and linked numerous members of the Nixon administration to the burglary
The Saturday Night massacre refers to the _________ the resignation of the U.S. attorney general and the firing of his deputy in October 1973, after they refused to carry out President Nixon’s order to fire the special prosecutor investigating the Watergate affair
What eventually happened to President Nixon? He resigned from office and he was granted a full pardon by President Gerald Ford
President Gerald Ford called on Americans to cut back on their use of oil and gas and to take other energy-saving measures in a program he called __________ WIN
What were the Helsinki Accords? This was a series of agreements that promised greater cooperation between the nations of Eastern and Western Europe.
Who were the presidential candidates in the 1976 election? Carter and Ford
What was the National Energy Act? This law passed during the Carter administration placed a tax on gas-guzzling cars, removed price controls on oil and natural gas produced in the U.S., and extended tax credits for the development of alternative energy.
What were the Camp David Accords? Who were the leaders and the countries involved? It was the first time an Arab country formally recognized Israel’s right to exist . The agreement was signed by Prime Minister Menachem Begin of Israel and President Anwar el-Sadat of Egypt
Who was the Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini? Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini was the Muslim religious leader of Iran , the country that took 52 Americans hostage in 1979.
Which president included more African Americans and women than any before it? Jimmy Carter
Which president failed to get SALT II, an agreement between the U.S. and the Soviet Union that limited the number of strategic weapons and nuclear-missile launchers each side could produce, ratified by the Senate? Jimmy Carter
Shortly after this president was sworn in on January 20, 1981, the Americans held hostage in Iran were finally released after 444 days in captivity. Ronald Reagan
Which president was not elected to office? Gerald Ford
Which president’s greatest foreign policy achievement was the Helsinki Accords? Gerald Ford
Realpolitik and détente refer to the foreign policies of which president? Richard Nixon
Which president sought to use moral principles as a guide for U.S. foreign policy and believed that the U.S. needed to commit itself to promoting human rights? Jimmy Carter
Under this president, the Panama Canal was turned over to Panama in an attempt to improve relationships between the U.S. and Latin America. Jimmy Carter
During his administration, the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) was established and the Clean Air Act updated. Richard Nixon
Who was the author of Silent Spring, a book that argued that pesticides were poisoning food and killing birds and fish? Rachel Carson
What was Three Mile Island? Refers to a nuclear accident in Pennsylvania on March 28, 1979.
What is Earth Day? Has been celebrated every year since 1970 on April 22 to highlight environmental issues.
Richard Nixon served as president from ________-________. served as president from 1969-1974
Gerald Ford served as president from _______-________. served as president from 1974-1977
Jimmy Carter served as president from _______-_______. served as president from 1977-1981