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INDUSTRIAL REVOLUTIO

TERMS

TermDefinition
Factory A large building where goods could be mass produced by a large number of workers
Factory system method of manufacturing using machinery and division of labor
Cottage Industry/Domestic System Prior to the industrial revolution, goods were produced in small batches in homes/cottages
Enclosure Movement Wealthy farmers bought up land and fenced the farms and smaller farmers were forced off their land
Natural resources (raw materials) naturally occurring materials such as coal, fertile land, etc., that can be used by man
Industry/industrial/industrialization systematic work or labor in mass production using machine power
The Industrial Revolution (1760-1840; 18th-19 Century) manufacturing of goods moved from small shops and homes (cottage industry) to large factories
Child labor the use of children in industry or business, especially when illegal or considered inhumane
Urban/urbanization large city
Push/pull factor Push factors are those that force the individual to move voluntarily. Pull factors are those factors that attract the individual to leave their home
Capital any form of wealth that can be used to produce more wealth Ex.: cash, gold, silver, property, gems
Mass Production By using specialization of skills and assembly lines, goods could be produced quickly in large batches
Textile a type of cloth or woven fabric
Entrepreneur One who starts a business or other venture that promises economic gain but that also entails risks
Tenement a room or a set of rooms forming a separate residence within a house or block of apartments
Modernization the process of adapting something to modern needs or habits
Productivity being able to make goods or services
Manufacture make (something) on a large scale using machinery
Immigration coming to live permanently in a foreign country
Steam Engine engine that uses steam to generate power
Cotton Gin Allowed cotton to be cleaned the seeds removed quickly. This caused a need for more slave labor to pick the cotton
Labor work; especially hard physical work
Class system social hierarchy(lower, middle, upper)
Strike refusing to work organized by a body of employees as a form of protest, usually as an attempt to gain something from their employer
Labor Union organizations that protect the rights of the workers such as working conditions
Monopoly complete control of the entire supply of goods or of a service in a certain area or market
Assembly line method of mass production in which a good is carried on a moving belt past workers who remain in place
Laissez-Faire little government interference in the free market
Division of Labor Dividing a job into many specialized parts, with a single worker or a few workers assigned to each part
Tenement cheap high-rise apartment buildings that were built in many cities
Supply and demand the amount of a product which is available and the amount which is wanted by customers
Interchangeable parts parts made to ensure that they will fit into any assembly of the same type
Sanitation measures taken to promote public cleanliness
Communism (hard command) the government owns or controls all industry and businesses
Socialism: (soft command) the government owns or controls key industries (electricity, factories, etc.) Government regulation of businesses and enforces regulations to protect people
Capitalism (free market) production, distribution, and exchange are controlled by individuals and privately owned corporations rather than by the government
Bourgeoisie middle class; considered upper class during IR
Proletariat workers
Created by: WIMS
 

 



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