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Integration The action or process of integrating.
Poll Tax A tax charged on every adult, without reference to income or resources.
Voting Rights of 1965 Gets rid of literacy tests that had been used to restrict voting by black people.
Civil Rights Act of 1964 Outlaws discrimination based on race, color, religion, or national origin.
March on Washington One of the largest political rallies for human rights in U.S. history. Demanded civil rights and economic rights for African American.
Montgomery Bus Boycott Was a political and social protest campaign against the policy of racial segregation on the public transit system.
Selma March 1965, MLK led a march with nonviolent demonstrators to protest so blacks could register to vote in the south.
Freedom Summer A large effort by civil rights groups; CORE and SNCC to expand black voting in the south.
Brown vs. Board Education Declared state laws establishing separate public schools for black and white students to be unconstitutional.
Civil Disobedience The refusal to comply with certain laws or to pay taxes and fines as a peaceful form of political protest.
Nonviolence The use of peaceful means to bring about political or social change.
Share-cropper A tenant farmer who gives a part of each crop as rent.
KKK Group of men who are anti-black, anti-Catholic, and anti-Semitic
15th Amendment Gave all American men the right to vote, regardless of race or wealth.
14th Amendment no state shall deprive any person of life, liberty, or property, without due process of law; nor deny to any person within its jurisdiction.
13th Amendment Abolished slavery
Reconstruction Act A bill passed by Radical Republicans in Congress in 1867, that treated southern states as divided territories
Plessy vs. Ferguson Upheld the rights of states to pass laws allowing or even requiring racial segregation in public or private institutions such as, public transportation, restrooms, and restaurants.
American Dream The idea that every U.S. citizen should have an equal opportunity to achieve success and prosperity through hard work, determination, and initiative.
Resistance (noun) The attempt to prevent something by action or argument.
Abolition (noun) The ending of slavery
Secede (verb) Withdraw formally from an organization
Emancipation (noun) Freedom from bondage.
Boycott (verb) To abstain from using or buying as a protest.
Segregation (noun) The act of or process of separating a race, class, or group.
Civil Disobedience Active refusal to follow a law or government command that one finds immoral to bring about a change in policy.
Individuality (noun) A sense of uniqueness, each person being distinct from others.
Equality (noun) The state of being balanced and fair, having the same value.
Opportunity (noun) The good change or prospect for success.
Resiliency (noun) An ability to recover from or adjust after misfortune or change.
Activist (noun) One who takes action in order to create change.
Liberty (noun) Freedom from control, the right to choose one's action.
Empathy (noun) The ability to understand and share the feelings of another.
Dignity (noun) The respect associated with being a human being.
Justice (noun) Attention to moral or legal codes of behavior.
Democracy (noun) Government for the people, of the people, by the people.
Prejudice (noun) A preconceived and negative belief or judgement about a group, race, or religion.
Discrimination (noun) Treating people differently based on prejudicial beliefs, actions based on prejudice.
Lincoln ( lenient) Former lawyer from Illinois. Becomes president in 1863 After several significant Union victories, Lincoln proposed the 10% plan for reconstructions of the south. But was assassinated by John Booth on April 14, 1865.
Johnson Lincoln's running man Fought for congress over passage of 14th Amendment and Civil Rights Bill of 1866 Believed only he should be responsible for Reconstruction recognizing new state government, according to the 10% Plan.
Malcolm X Black rights activist and religious leader Raising self-esteem of Af Am and reconnecting them to heritage. Role-model for others, Black Power movement, Black Arts movement, "Black is Beautiful" slogan Death was a tragedy.
Martin Luther King Jr Was an American Civil Rights activist and Baptist minister who first rose to prominence as leader of the Montgomery, Alabama, bus boycott challenging segregated public transit.
Radical Republicans Known for its progressive legislation and harsh politics towards the south. Passed Civil Rights Act of 1866, 2nd Reconstruction Act, KKK Act of 1871, Civil Rights Act of 1875, 13th, 14th, and 15th Amendments.
Little Rock Nine A group of 9 Af Am students enrolling in Little Rock High School 1957. Followed by Little Rock Crisis, the students were prevented from getting into the school by Orval Faubus, governor of Arkansas.
CORE Congress Of Radical Equality Af Am Civil Rights organization that played a important role for Af Am in Civil Rights Movement
SNCC Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee Important organization of the Civil Rights movement in the 1960's
Created by: Malybe