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WWI

Study guide

QuestionAnswer
What were the causes of WWI? Militarism, Alliances, Imperialism, Nationalism
Why did the United States enter WWI? German attacks on U.S. Shipping The sinking of the Lusitania Concerns over safety of U.S. ships Germany tried to turn Mexico against the U.S. (ZIMMERMAN telegram)
What weapons were used during WWI? Tanks were developed for land battles; machine guns because they could fire more rapidly than rifles; poison gas was used to injure/kill the enemy; submarines were used to destroy enemy ships.
Who was Archduke Ferdinand? He was heir to the Australian-Hungarian throne. He was assassinated by a Sierbian nationalist and WWI began.
What were the conditions of the Treaty of Versailles? Germany was to pay for war damages (reparation) Germany lost 10% of its land and all of its colonies Germany's military was restricted
What was The League of Nations? An international organization formed to prevent wars. The U.S. Did NOT join!
What is nationalism? Nationalism is a love of one's country and the desire to have that country free from the control of others.(made it difficult for countries to cooperate)
What is an alliance? An agreement among nations to defend one another.
What is isolation? A policy in which a nation prefers to remain neutral and let other countries handles their own affairs.
WWI Lasted from 1914-1919
Dogfight Air battle
The Allied Powers Great Britian, France, Russia, Serbia, Belgium
The Central Powers Germany, Austria-Hungary, Bulgaria, Turkey
How did the sinking of the Lusitania contribute to U.S. entry into war? More than 100 US citizens were killed. This angered many Americans.
Why was US entry into WWI important to our allies? US troops increased the fighting strength of the Allied Powers, who had already been fighting for 3 years. American presence turned the war around.
WWI 's impact at home? People sang patriotic songs Gave money to Red Cross "I Want You" posters Planted victory gardens
World War I (WWI) War fought from 1914-1918 between Central and Allied Powers. US joined Allied Powers in 1917, helping them to victory
Sinking of Lusitania A German submarine torpedoed and sank this ship. Americans began calling for war after this.
Militarism The building of a strong military
Alliance An agreement between nations to support and defend each other
Nationalism The belief that your country deserves more success than others, "extreme patriotism "
Imperialism When nations build empires by adding colonies
Empire A country plus its colonies and other territories
Territory A piece of land owned by another country
Annex To take a piece of land or another country as your own
Yellow journalism A kind of writing that exaggerates news to shock and attract readers
Canal A man-made waterway between 2 larger bodies of water
Competition Rivalry for supremacy
Neutral Not taking sides
Trench warfare Fighting from long, narrow ditches called trenches
Ration A measured amount of foods and supplies
Treaty of Versailles Treaty that officially ended WWI
League of Nations International organization formed after WWI to prevent wars
Created by: iamcwallace
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