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Genetic Vocab.

TermDefinition
heredity The passing of genetic traits from parent to offspring.
asexual It means to lack in sex
reproduction The process by which living things produce offspring
gene One set of instructions for an inherited trait
DNA Deoxyribonucleic acid, a self-replicating material present in nearly all living organisms as the main constituent of chromosomes. It is the carrier of genetic information.
egg cell It is a female reproductive cell of animals and plants that can unite with a sperm cell to form a new individual
sperm cell It is a male reproductive cell of animals and plants that can unite with an egg cell to form a new individual cell
chromeosomes In a eukaryotic cell, one of the structures in the nucleus that are made up of DNA and protein;in a prokaryotic, the main ring of DNA
dominant trait The trait observed in the first generation when parents that have different traits are bred
recessive trait A trait that is apparent only when two recessive trait alleles for the same characteristics are inherited
alleles One of the alternative forms of a gene that governs a characteristic , such as hair color
genotype The entire genetic makeup of an organism; also the combination of genes for one or more specific traits
phenotype An organism's appearance or other detectable characteristics
meiosis A process in cell division during which the number of chromosomes decreases to half the original number by two divisions of the nucleus, which results in the production of sex cells (gametes or spores)
mitosis In eukaryotic cells, a process of cell division that forms two new nuclei, each of which has the same number of chromosomes
Created by: ljlochiano0111