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ch3 study

ecosystem all the living and nonliving things in the environment, including there interactions
population all the members of one species in an area
community all the living things in an ecosystem
food chain the path that energy and nutrients flow in an ecosystem
food web the overlapping food chains in an ecosystem
predator an animal that hunts other animals for food
prey a living thing that is hunted for food
energy pyramid a diagram that shows the amount of energy available at each level in an ecosystem
limiting factor any resource that restricts the growth of popultations
carrying capacity the maximum population size that an ecosystem can support
habitat the place where a plant or an animal lives and grows
niche the role of an organism in an ecosystem
symbiosis a relation between two kinds of organisms over time
mutualism a relation between two kinds of organisms that benefits both
commensalism a relation between two kinds of organisms that benefits one without harming the other
parasitism a relationship in which one organism lives in or on another organism and benefits from that relationship while the host organism is harmed
adaptation a characteristic that helps an organism to survive in its environment
camouflage an adaptation in which an animal protects itself against predators by blending in with the environment
protective coloration a type of camouflage in which the color of an animal blends in with its background, protecting the animal against predators
protection resemblence a type of camouflage in which the color, shape, and the texture of an animal blends in with its evironment, protecting it against predators.
mimicry an adaptation in which an animal is protected against predators by its resemblance to another, unpleasant animal
Created by: shiven



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