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U.S. His. Ch. 17-18

QuestionAnswer
Who created the Bessemer process? Henry Bessemer and William Kelly
Who was Andrew Carnegie? The "kingpin" of the steel industry, owner of J. Edgar Thompson Steel Works
Who is John D. Rockefeller? Founded the largest oil company in the 1870's, owned 90% of the nation's oil-refining capacity and pipelines by 1879
What is the policy of laissez-faire? Policy of noninterference and that things will "work themselves out"
What is social Darwinism? The belief that in people's activities, business, and social lives, the fittest will survive if unrestricted
Who were the 3 main economic reformers in the late 1800's? Henry George, Edward Bellamy, and Henry Demarest Lloyd
Who created the National Grange of the Patrons of Husbandry? Oliver H. Kelley
What was the National Grange of the Patrons of Husbandry? A group that provided social and cultural benefits for isolated rural communities
What is the Interstate Commerce Act? Declared that all charges made by railroads must be "reasonable and just", therefore removing most monopolistic practices.
What is the Sherman Antitrust Act? Any combination "in the form of trust or otherwise" that was "in restraint of trade or commerce among the several states, or with foreign nations" were declared illegal. Penalty for breaking this was a $5,000 fine and a year in jail
What was the new immigration? The migration of people from southern and eastern Europe to America.
What is the idea of Nativism? The idea that the first Europeans in the Americas were superior to the new Europeans migrating over
What is a tenement? A tenement is a single room in a single building
What are settlement houses? Community centers in poor districts that provided guidance and services
Ministers in the late 1800's began to preach a Social Gospel based on what? The improvement of living conditions rather than the saving of souls
Who invented basketball? James Naismith
Who installed the first practical electric trolley? Frank J. Sprague
How many people worked in manufacturing in 1890? 5 million
What new organization supported that immigrants should take a literacy test before being granted admission? The Immigration Restriction League
What city in New York created a Metropolitan Health Board in 1866? New York City
Created by: Kobe88